© 2010

Chinese Communists and Hong Kong Capitalists: 1937–1997

  • Authors

About this book


This book examines Chinese Communist activities in Hong Kong from the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War in 1937 to the handover in 1997. It reveals a peculiar part of Chinese Communist history, and traces six decades of astounding united front between the Chinese Communists and the Hong Kong tycoons and upper-class business elite.


communism executive Policy United Front

About the authors

Cindy Yik-yi Chu is Professor in the Department of History at Hong Kong Baptist University.

Bibliographic information


"Throughout this useful study, a united front strategy frames the relationship between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Hong Kong capitalists from 1937 to 1997. ... Chu's narrative makes a strong case for the long-term continuity of Hong Kong's elitist political parameters both before and after the 1997 transition. Summing up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduate students through professionals." - R. P. Gardella, CHOICE

"This ground-breaking work emphasizes the crucial relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese business elite of Hong Kong during the 60 years before 1997. The author argues convincingly that the strategy of collaborating closely with capitalists, far from contradicting the ideological principles of Communism, in fact has deep roots in the Party s decades-old united front policy. This is a powerful revelation for historians of modern China and for readers concerned with contemporary developments." - Elizabeth Sinn, Former Deputy Director of the Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong

"Chu argues that the implementation of the one country, two systems model guaranteeing Hong Kong s capitalist system until 2047 must be understood through the framework of the Chinese Communists united front strategy that began in the 1930s. Chu questions the conventional assumption that the Chinese Communist Party had no understanding of Hong Kong s capitalist system. Rather, she shows how the Communists adapted to the colony s capitalist environment by creating a network of local agencies under direct Party control. Unlike on the mainland, the Communists worked hard to forge effective alliances with Hong Kong s Chinese capitalists. By the eve of the handover in 1997, the Communists had consolidated the support of big business for the retrocession to Chinese sovereignty. This important new study contributes not only to our understanding of Hong Kong history but also of the Chinese Communist Party." - John M. Carroll, Professor of History, University of Hong Kong