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US Assistance, Development, and Hierarchy in the Middle East

Aid for Allies

  • Anne Mariel Zimmermann

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
    Pages 1-18
  3. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
    Pages 19-37
  4. Israel

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 39-39
    2. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 41-59
    3. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 61-81
    4. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 83-101
  5. Jordan

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 105-124
    3. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 125-145
    4. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 147-162
  6. Egypt

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 163-163
    2. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 165-181
    3. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 183-205
    4. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 207-224
    5. Anne Mariel Zimmermann
      Pages 225-234
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 235-273

About this book

Introduction

What does US aid “buy” in the Middle East? Drawing on extensive primary source research, this book examines the role and consequences of US aid to three countries in the Middle East. The author argues that the political survival strategies of incumbent leaders in Egypt, Israel, and Jordan shaped not only the type of aid that these countries received from the US, but also its developmental and geopolitical impact. Leaders who relied heavily on distributing selective benefits to their ruling coalitions were more likely to receive forms of US aid that complemented their distributive political economies and undermined the state’s developmental capacity, which simultaneously rendered them more dependent on US resources, and more likely to cede fragments of their sovereignty to their major donor. Non-distributive leaders, however, could reap the full benefits of highly discretionary and technologically sophisticated aid, incorporating it into developmental policies that rendered them progressively less dependent on Washington—and better able to say “no” when it was in their best interest.

Keywords

Middle East US Assistance US Development US Aid Political Survival Non-Distributive Distributive Survival Strategy Developmental Bargain Geopolitical Bargain Israel Jordan Egypt

Authors and affiliations

  • Anne Mariel Zimmermann
    • 1
  1. 1.ZurichSwitzerland

Bibliographic information