© 2016

Politics of Favoritism in Public Procurement in Turkey

Reconfigurations of Dependency Networks in the AKP Era


Table of contents

About this book


This book provides substantiation to claims of favoritism in public procurement in Turkey in the twenty-first century. Through an analysis of nearly fifty thousand high value contracts between 2004 and 2011, the study indicates that the AKP majority government has used public procurement as an influential tool to increase its electoral success, build its own elites, and finance politics. The use of public procurement for rent creation and distribution is found to be particularly extensive in the construction and services sectors–namely in the TOKİ projects and municipal procurements. In addition, this book demonstrates how the more than 150 legal amendments to the new Public Procurement Law in Turkey, drafted with the pull of the European Union-International Monetary Fund-World Bank nexus, have increased the use of less competitive procurement methods and discretion in awarding contracts. Relying on empirical research, this timely book provides careful, quantitative analysis of datasets in its contentions of favoritism in Turkey’s public procurement process.


Public procurement in Turkey TOKi Justice and Development Party Devout Bourgeoisie Third Party Enforcement Procurement contracts in Turkey Politically Connected Firms in Turkey Turkish political Connections Devout Bourgeoisie Tayyip Erdoğan

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Okan University, Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationIstanbulTurkey

About the authors

Esra Çeviker Gürakar is Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration at Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey. Her research focuses on political economy, institutional economics, and law and economics. Her recent papers on public procurement in Turkey include “Business Networks and Public Procurement in Turkey”, “Political Connections and Public Procurement in Turkey: Evidence from the Construction Work Contracts” and “Does Public E-Procurement Deliver What It Promises? Empirical Evidence from Turkey.” She can be contacted at

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking


“Politics of Favoritism in Public Procurement in Turkey sheds new light into an important aspect of contemporary Turkish politics that has received only scant scholarly attention. In particular, the empirical evidence presented in the book on the firms that succeeded in winning the procurement contracts makes an original contribution to the literature. The book will be especially useful for those interested in political favoritism, clientelism, and patronage in Turkey.” (Sabri Sayarı, Middle East Journal, Vol. 72 (3), 2018)