Developing Visual Arts Education in the United States

Massachusetts Normal Art School and the Normalization of Creativity

  • Mary Ann Stankiewicz

Part of the The Arts in Higher Education book series (AHE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 1-13
  3. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 15-47
  4. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 49-74
  5. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 75-104
  6. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 105-122
  7. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 123-148
  8. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 149-181
  9. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 183-223
  10. Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    Pages 225-243
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 245-263

About this book


This book examines how Massachusetts Normal Art School became the alma mater par excellence for generations of art educators, designers, and artists. The founding myth of American art education is the story of Walter Smith, the school’s first principal. This historical case study argues that Smith’s students formed the professional network to disperse art education across the United States, establishing college art departments and supervising school art for industrial cities. As administrative progressives they created institutions and set norms for the growing field of art education. Nineteenth-century artists argued that anyone could learn to draw; by the 1920s, every child was an artist whose creativity waited to be awakened. Arguments for systematic art instruction under careful direction gave way to charismatic artist-teachers who sought to release artistic spirits. The task for art education had been redefined in terms of living the good life within a consumer culture of work and leisure.


Administrative progressives American art art schools art supervisors design education higher education visual arts

Authors and affiliations

  • Mary Ann Stankiewicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA

Bibliographic information