© 2016

Mussolini 1883-1915

Triumph and Transformation of a Revolutionary Socialist

  • Spencer M. Di Scala
  • Emilio Gentile


  • Explores Mussolini’s socialist origins and attempts to understand his political journey to fascism by emphasizing his youthful political ideals

  • Presents interpretations of the first phase of his political career that are free of the polemics that frequently characterize past writings

  • Examines Mussolini’s life before fascism, which has been neglected or distorted


Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Spencer M. Di Scala
    Pages 1-37
  3. Philip Cannistraro†
    Pages 39-64
  4. Stefano Biguzzi
    Pages 97-130
  5. Marco Gervasoni
    Pages 131-155
  6. Pierluigi Allotti
    Pages 225-256
  7. Emilio Gentile
    Pages 257-295
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 297-309

About this book


This book describes Mussolini’s little-known radical ideology, including his activities in Switzerland, relationship with revolutionary syndicalism, and radical journalism. It provides an in-depth treatment of the young Benito Mussolini as a revolutionary Socialist and describes the political maneuverings that took a major European Socialist party by storm before the First World War. It explains the process of how he came to dominate Italian Socialism until the crisis caused by Italy’s intervention in World War I. It illuminates Mussolini’s leadership qualities and his rise to leader of the Italian Socialist Party.


Mussolini, Benito Socialism Partito Socialista Italiano World War I Great War Fascism Italy Italy Liberal State Italian Socialist Party Avanti! Lotta di Classe Trent Benito Mussolini history military modern history political history political science politics socialism war

Editors and affiliations

  • Spencer M. Di Scala
    • 1
  • Emilio Gentile
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA
  2. 2.University of RomeRomeItaly

About the editors

Spencer M. Di Scala is Professor of history at the University of Massachusetts Boston, USA, where he teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in modern Italian and European history.  He has won awards for his scholarship, held Fulbright Fellowships and visiting professorships at Italian universities, and has published groundbreaking books in twentieth century European history.

Emilio Gentile is an award-winning Professor Emeritus at the University of Rome and has been visiting professor at several American universities.  He has published fundamental works in the history of Italian Fascism and has led the field in researching the theme of politics as a secular religion.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Mussolini 1883-1915
  • Book Subtitle Triumph and Transformation of a Revolutionary Socialist
  • Editors Spencer M. Di Scala
    Emilio Gentile
  • Series Title Italian and Italian American Studies
  • Series Abbreviated Title Italian and Italian American Studies
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, New York
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-1-137-53486-6
  • Softcover ISBN 978-1-349-71014-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-137-53487-3
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVI, 309
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics History of Italy
    Political History
    History of Military
    Modern History
  • Buy this book on publisher's site