© 2016


12 Essential Questions

  • Fergus McNeill
  • Ioan Durnescu
  • René Butter

About this book


This volume poses a series of key questions about the practice of probation as an integral part of the European criminal justice system. The contributors are established experts in their respective fields of study and together their questions address the legitimacy, and perhaps continued existence, of probation.

The book includes analysis of why people offend and stop offending, and the wide ranging impacts of probation. This includes the impact on offenders' social reintegration, as a form of reparation for victims and communities, on public desire for justice and punishment, and on probationers themselves. The contributors further assess the state of probation and its adaptation to the current state of penality and society, the role of probation officers in pre-sentencing decision-making and the promotion of community sanctions and measures. By providing important recommendations and suggestions for application to practice, the book will be of great interest to academics, policy makers and practitioners alike. 


Desistance Offenders Offending Criminal Justice Criminology Crime Criminal Law Rehabilitation Europe Parole Community Sanctions and Measures Community Punishment Community Corrections Offender Supervision

Editors and affiliations

  • Fergus McNeill
    • 1
  • Ioan Durnescu
    • 2
  • René Butter
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Social and Political SciencesUniversity of Glasgow School of Social and Political SciencesGlasgowUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Faculty of SociologyUniversity of Bucharest Faculty of SociologyBucharestRomania
  3. 3.HU University of Applied Sciences, The NetherlandsUTRECHTThe Netherlands

About the editors

Fergus McNeill is Professor of Criminology and Social Work at the University of Glasgow, UK.

Ioan Durnescu is Professor, Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, University of Bucharest, Romania.

René Butter is Associate Professor of Applied Research Methodology, HU University of Applied Sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Bibliographic information


“This edited volume draws its inspiration from a range of acknowledged international experts on probation and criminal justice and has as its ambitious aim to answer the question ‘what do we know about probation so far?’ … . This book is a welcome contribution to probation scholarship.” (Mike Guilfoyle, Probation Journal, Vol. 64 (2), 2017)