© 2016

Virtual Workers and the Global Labour Market

  • Juliet Webster
  • Keith Randle

Part of the Dynamics of Virtual Work book series (DVW)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Who Are Virtual Workers?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Virtual Occupations, Work Processes and Preparation for the Virtual Labour Market

  4. The Conditions and Experiences of Virtual Work

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 261-279

About this book


The emerging world of virtual work is not tied to physical workplaces or particular locations, but is dispersed and footloose. It is frequently precarious, and blurs the boundaries between work and non-work, production and consumption.

Contributors to this wide-ranging volume of case studies identify the growing and diverse army of virtual workers. Building from an overarching introduction which discusses the salient features of virtual work, this collection considers the challenges in analysing the class position of virtual workers. 

Virtual Workers and the Global Labour Market features international examples of emerging occupations and working conditions in new media, gaming, journalism, advertising and branding, software development and offshore services. Cross-disciplinary insights from across the social sciences inform contributions on labour market entry, employment relations, precariousness, the dynamics of virtual teams, and cyberbullying, in order to illustrate the diversity of virtual work, its circumstances and its labour force.




labour social dynamics labour marketing information technology media Cyberbullying digital work ICTs Internet Crowdsourcing Free labour Employment cultural work Immaterial labour gender class identity business management precariousness footloose industry

Editors and affiliations

  • Juliet Webster
    • 1
  • Keith Randle
    • 2
  1. 1.London School of EconomicsLondonUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Hertfordshire Business SchoolUniversity of HertfordshireAL10 9ABUnited Kingdom

About the editors

Juliet Webster is the Director of Work and Equality Research, a Visiting Senior Fellow at the London School of Economics, UK and an Associate of the Gender and ICT Group, Internet Interdisciplinary Institute, Spain.  Previous publications include Shaping Women’s Work: Gender, Employment and Information Technology; The Information Society in Europe and Gender, Science and Information Technologies.

Keith Randle is Professor of Work and Organisation at the Hertfordshire Business School, University of Hertfordshire, UK. In 2013 he co-founded CERC (Creative Economy Research Centre) to form an interdisciplinary hub at the university. His main research interests relate to work, employment and inclusion/exclusion in the creative and cultural industries. He represents the University of Hertfordshire, UK on the COST network on the Dynamics of Virtual Work.

Bibliographic information


“The reader is treated to a discerning presentation of how work has become a fluid concept, encompassing elements such as play, consumption, and social reproduction, traditionally left outside the work/labour rubric. … This is an informative book that does bring ideas to the table, highly recommended to someone wanting to get a feel of the field … .” (Konstantinos Kerasovitis, Information, Communication & Society, Vol. 21 (12), 2018)