© 2016

Outsourcing Border Control

Politics and Practice of Contracted Visa Policy in Morocco


Part of the Mobility & Politics book series (MPP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Federica Infantino
    Pages 1-25
  3. Federica Infantino
    Pages 27-59
  4. Federica Infantino
    Pages 61-81
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 83-94

About this book


This book explores the everyday practices of border control and implementation of mobility policy in the European Schengen area by analyzing consular visas services on the edges of the territory. Using an original case study, private contractors that implement EU visa policy on governments’ behalf, the author focuses on visa application centers located in Morocco and run by the two major contractors of European Member States, the transnational corporations VFSGlobal and TLSContact. The analysis builds on ethnographic research that encompasses the making of EU visa policy at the European, national and local levels. It aims at uncovering the reasons that have led to the adoption of outsourcing as a normal and legitimized mode to implement EU visa policy and the effects of that choice. 


Border control European Union Schengen agreement Mobility Free movement Outsourcing Visa policy Morocco Private contractors

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.FNRS/Université Libre de Bruxelles, GERMEBrusselsBelgium

About the authors

Federica Infantino is FNRS Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Group for Research on Ethnic Relations, Migration and Equality, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, and Junior Research Fellow at Wolfson College, University of Oxford, UK. She is co-editor of the 2014 Security Dialogue’s special issue “Border Security as Practice” and contributor to several journals in English and French. 

Bibliographic information

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