Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Jean-Louis Rocca
    Pages 1-19
  3. Jean-Louis Rocca
    Pages 21-67
  4. Jean-Louis Rocca
    Pages 69-116
  5. Jean-Louis Rocca
    Pages 117-169
  6. Jean-Louis Rocca
    Pages 171-226
  7. Jean-Louis Rocca
    Pages 227-250
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 251-281

About this book


This book analyses the making of the Chinese middle class that started in the 1990s using a constructivist approach. With the development of the Chinese economy, a new group of middle wage earners appeared. Chinese social scientists and state institutions promoted the idea that China needs a middle class to achieve modernization. Middle class members are defined—and define themselves—as good consumers, educated people, politically engaged but reasonable citizens. As such, the making of the middle class is the result of three convergent phenomena: an attempt to define the middle class, a process of civilization, and the development of protest movements. The making of the Chinese middle class, Rocca argues, is a way to end the stalemate that modern Chinese society is facing, in particular the necessity to democratize without introducing an election system.


China Middle-class Process of Civilization Democratization Consumption Social Stratification culture geography international relations planning political economy political science politics Protest social science social structure society sociology urban studies

Authors and affiliations

  • Jean-Louis Rocca
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for International StudiesSciences PoParisFrance

Bibliographic information

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