Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
  2. M. Hantel
    Pages 1-6
  3. F. Rubel, M. Kottek
    Pages 1-13
  4. F. Rubel, M. Kottek
    Pages 14-15
  5. E. Raschke, A. Ohmura
    Pages 1-24
  6. E. Raschke, A. Ohmura
    Pages 25-46
  7. E. Raschke, A. Ohmura
    Pages 51-75
  8. E. Raschke, A. Ohmura
    Pages 76-89
  9. E. Raschke, A. Ohmura
    Pages 90-107
  10. E. Raschke, C. Stubenrauch
    Pages 1-21
  11. C. Stubenrauch
    Pages 1-27
  12. L. Emmons, C. Granier, G. Brasseur
    Pages 1-13
  13. R. Jaenicke
    Pages 1-9

About this book


The volume "Observed Global Climate" comprises a set of climate budget quantities, relevant for atmosphere and ocean (the "climate fluids") as well as for land and ice (the "climate solids"). Examples for budget quantities are temperature, salinity, wind, rain, radiation. They are displayed in standardised form for all climate subsystems.

The data are arranged around the budget principle which is basic for the entire climate system. The book demonstrates that budgeting is not only a useful principle but also that "budget-thinking" has practically become state of the art in modern quantitative climatology. Examples include the global water budget (consistency of the components better than 10%) and the global energy budget (consistency better than 5%).

The data are based on direct observations but have been subject to data assimilation. They are presented in gridded form and in form of maps and sections. The DVD carries the data, the original articles, figures in original colours, plus additional material like animations of the most important climate parameters and selected non-standard quantities. The gridded fields can be loaded by the user from the DVD into the personal computer.


Aerosol Climate data Climatology Cloud Precipitation climate fluids and solids energy flux flux quantities freshwater flux global atmosphere global ocean polar ice shields radiation state quantities temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • M. Hantel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Meteorolgy and Geophysics (IMGW)University of Vienna, UZA II; Pharmaziezentrum (2G 507)WienAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-20206-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-31376-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0942-8003
  • Series Online ISSN 1616-9565
  • About this book
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