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Phase-Locked Loops for Wireless Communications

Digital, Analog and Optical Implementations

  • Authors
  • Donald R. Stephens

About this book

Introduction

Phase-Locked Loops for Wireless Communications: Digitial, Analog and Optical Implementations, Second Edition presents a complete tutorial of phase-locked loops from analog implementations to digital and optical designs. The text establishes a thorough foundation of continuous-time analysis techniques and maintains a consistent notation as discrete-time and non-uniform sampling are presented. New to this edition is a complete treatment of charge pumps and the complementary sequential phase detector. Another important change is the increased use of MATLAB®, implemented to provide more familiar graphics and reader-derived phase-locked loop simulation. Frequency synthesizers and digital divider analysis/techniques have been added to this second edition. Perhaps most distinctive is the chapter on optical phase-locked loops that begins with sections discussing components such as lasers and photodetectors and finishing with homodyne and heterodyne loops. Starting with a historical overview, presenting analog, digital, and optical PLLs, discussing phase noise analysis, and including circuits/algorithms for data synchronization, this volume contains new techniques being used in this field. Highlights of the Second Edition:
  • Development of phase-locked loops from analog to digital and optical, with consistent notation throughout;
  • Expanded coverage of the loop filters used to design second and third order PLLs;
  • Design examples on delay-locked loops used to synchronize circuits on CPUs and ASICS;
  • New material on digital dividers that dominate a frequency synthesizer's noise floor. Techniques to analytically estimate the phase noise of a divider;
  • Presentation of optical phase-locked loops with primers on the optical components and fundamentals of optical mixing;
  • Section on automatic frequency control to provide frequency-locking of the lasers instead of phase-locking;
  • Presentation of charge pumps, counters, and delay-locked loops.
The Second Edition includes the essential topics needed by wireless, optics, and the traditional phase-locked loop specialists to design circuits and software algorithms. All of the material has been updated throughout the book.

Keywords

Counter MatLab Phase analog circuit communication development filters integrated circuit laser material micro-alloy transistor microprocessor optics simulation

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