Entrepreneurship: Determinants and Policy in a European-US Comparison

  • David Audretsch
  • Roy Thurik
  • Ingrid Verheul
  • Sander Wennekers

Part of the Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation book series (ESTI, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-v
  2. David Audretsch, Roy Thurik, Ingrid Verheul, Sander Wennekers
    Pages 1-10
  3. Ingrid Verheul, Sander Wennekers, David Audretsch, Roy Thurik
    Pages 11-81
  4. Candice Henriquez, Ingrid Verheul, Ineke van der Geest, Casandra Bischoff
    Pages 83-120
  5. Ingrid Verheul, Niels Bosmaa, Marieke van Ginkel, Danielle Longerbone, Reinder Prins
    Pages 121-162
  6. Ingrid Verheul, Gabriel Leonardo, Stephan Schüller, Judith van Spronsen
    Pages 163-207
  7. Ingrid Verheul, Niels Bosmaa, Fonnie van der Nol, Tommy Wong
    Pages 209-245
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 246-247

About this book


Without a clear and organized view of where and how entrepreneurship manifests itself, policy makers have been left in uncharted waters without an analytical compass.

The purpose of this book is to provide such an analytical compass for directing how public policy can shape and promote entrepreneurship. We do this in two ways. The first is to provide a framework for policymakers and scholars to understand what determines entrepreneurship. The second is to apply this framework to a series of cases, or country studies. In particular, this book seeks to answer three questions about entrepreneurship: What has happened over time? Why did it happen? And, what has been the role of government policy?

The cornerstone of the book is the proposed Eclectic Theory of Entrepreneurship. The goal of the Eclectic Theory is to provide a unified framework for understanding and analyzing the determinants of entrepreneurship. The Eclectic Theory of entrepreneurship integrates the different strands from relevant fields into a unifying, coherent framework. At the heart of the Eclectic Theory is the integration of factors shaping the demand for entrepreneurship on the one hand, with those influencing the supply of entrepreneurs on the other hand. The key to understanding the role of public policy is through identifying those channels shifting either the demand for or the supply of entrepreneurship by policy instruments.

The findings in this book show that, by utilizing the framework provided by the Eclectic Theory of Entrepreneurship, it is within the grasp of policymakers to identify the determinants of entrepreneurship in a particular country setting at a particular point in time. This will be essential in formulating new public policies to promote entrepreneurship and, ultimately, economic growth, job creation and international competitiveness.


Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurship Policy business economic growth growth

Editors and affiliations

  • David Audretsch
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Roy Thurik
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ingrid Verheul
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sander Wennekers
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Development StrategiesIndiana UniversityUSA
  2. 2.EIM Business and Policy ResearchUSA
  3. 3.Centre for Advanced Small Business EconomicsErasmus University RotterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-7685-9
  • Online ISBN 978-0-306-47556-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1381-0480
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Finance, Business & Banking
Consumer Packaged Goods