Architectures for RF Frequency Synthesizers

  • Cicero S. Vaucher
  • Bram Nauta

Part of the The International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 693)

Table of contents

About this book


Frequency synthesizers are an essential building block of RF communication products. They can be found in traditional consumer products, in personal communication systems, and in optical communication equipment. Since frequency synthesizers are used in many different applications, different performance aspects may need to be considered in each case. The main body of the text describes a conceptual framework for analyzing the performance of PLL frequency synthesizers, and presents optimization procedures for the different performance aspects. The analysis of the PLL properties is performed with the use of the open-loop bandwidth and phase margin concepts, to enable the influence of higher-order poles to be taken into account from the beginning of the design process. The theoretical system analysis is complemented by descriptions of innovative system and building block architectures, by circuit implementations in bipolar and CMOS technologies, and by measurement results. Architectures for RF Frequency Synthesizers contains basic information for the beginner as well as in-depth knowledge for the experienced designer. It is widely illustrated with practical design examples used in industrial products.


CMOS Phase Symbol circuit communication communication systems information system analysis

Authors and affiliations

  • Cicero S. Vaucher
    • 1
  • Bram Nauta
  1. 1.Philips Research Laboratories EindhovenEindhovenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-7120-1
  • Online ISBN 978-0-306-47955-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0893-3405
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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