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Arsenic in Ground Water

Geochemistry and Occurrence

  • Alan H. Welch
  • Kenneth G. Stollenwerk

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. D. Kirk Nordstrom, Donald G. Archer
    Pages 1-25
  3. Jenny G. Webster, D. Kirk Nordstrom
    Pages 101-125
  4. M.B. Goldhaber, R.C. Lee, J.R. Hatch, J.C. Pashin, J. Treworgy
    Pages 127-164
  5. Pauline L Smedley
    Pages 179-209
  6. David G. Kinniburgh, Pauline L. Smedley, Jeff Davies, Chris J. Milne, Irina Gaus, Janice M. Trafford et al.
    Pages 211-257
  7. M E Schreiber, M B Gotkowitz, J A Simo, P G Freiberg
    Pages 259-280
  8. Allan Kolker, S. K. Haack, W. F. Cannon, D. B. Westjohn, M.-J. Kim, Jerome Nriagu et al.
    Pages 281-294
  9. Johnnie N. Moore, William W. Woessner
    Pages 329-350
  10. Kenneth G. Stollenwerk, John A. Colman
    Pages 351-379
  11. Alan H. Welch, Kenneth G. Stollenwerk, Douglas K. Maurer, Lawrence S. Feinson
    Pages 403-419
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 421-475

About this book

Introduction

Interest in arsenic in ground water has greatly increased in the past decade because of the increased awareness of human health effects and the costs of avoidance or treatment of ground water supplies used for consumption. The goal of this book is to provide a description of the basic processes that affect arsenic occurrence and transport by providing sufficient background information on arsenic geochemistry and descriptions of hi- arsenic ground water, both affected and unaffected by human activity. An understanding of thermodynamics, adsorption, and the speciation of arsenic in solid phases, which are described in first three chapters, is needed to predict the fate of arsenic in ground water systems. Large-scale and deep movement of ground water can and has redistributed arsenic in the near surface environment, as described in the next two chapters. These large-scale systems can affect large volumes of both ground water and surface water, such as in the Yellowstone system, and can produce mineralised zones that subsequently release arsenic to ground water supplies. Regional identification of high-arsenic ground water and its consumption as described in the next three chapters clearly demonstrates a need for increased wat- quality monitoring, particularly in south and southeast Asia. Chapters 9-11 provide examples of high arsenic ground water associated with sulfide mineral oxidation and alkaline conditions. Finally, smaller scale studies of the effects of human activities that have produced high-arsenic ground water and methods for attenuation of ground water are presented.

Keywords

Groundwater Sorption Transport Water supply contamination drinking water environment geochemistry ground water hazard health hazard human health leachate remediation

Editors and affiliations

  • Alan H. Welch
    • 1
  • Kenneth G. Stollenwerk
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyUSA

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