Miracle of Education

The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools

  • Hannele Niemi
  • Auli Toom
  • Arto Kallioniemi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Auli Toom, Jukka Husu
      Pages 39-54
    3. Kirsi Tirri
      Pages 55-66
  3. The Foundations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 67-67
    2. Kristiina Kumpulainen, Timo Lankinen
      Pages 69-81
    3. Erja Vitikka, Leena Krokfors, Elisa Hurmerinta
      Pages 83-96
    4. Riitta Jyrhämä, Katriina Maaranen
      Pages 97-112
  4. Teaching and Learning for Life

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. Heidi Krzywacki, Leila Pehkonen, Anu Laine
      Pages 115-130
    3. Jari Lavonen, Kalle Juuti
      Pages 131-147
    4. Liisa Tainio, Satu GrÜnthal
      Pages 149-160
    5. Raili Hildén, Ritva Kantelinen
      Pages 161-176
    6. Arto Kallioniemi, Martin Ubani
      Pages 177-187
    7. Arja Virta, Eija Yli-Panula
      Pages 189-207
    8. Seija Kairavuori, Sara Sintonen
      Pages 209-223
  5. Reflections

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 225-225
    2. Tapio Toivanen
      Pages 227-236
    3. Sanna Vahtivuori-Hänninen, Heikki Kynäslahti
      Pages 237-248
    4. Jukka Salminen, Leena Tornberg, Päivi Venäläinen
      Pages 249-262
    5. Jenni Vartiainen, Maija Aksela
      Pages 263-272
    6. Hannele Niemi, Auli Toom, Arto Kallioniemi
      Pages 273-279
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 281-288

About this book


Finnish pupils’ success in international student assessment tests is a hot topic everywhere in the world. The significance of Finnish educational policy and society are continuously discussed. This book provides explanations, answers and reflections to these questions. Over 30 expert authors have contributed to this book by bringing their own specific research-based viewpoints to these issues. The book describes the wholeness of the Finnish educational system, on both structural and administrative levels. It introduces the framing factors and societal conditions of education in Finland. It also explains how the Finnish educational system and teacher education function in everyday life. The book illustrates how teaching and learning of different subjects is realized in Finnish schools, and describes the essential characteristics and methods of teaching, learning materials and research on these issues. The book provides important insight and reflections to international researchers, teachers, students, journalists and policy makers, who are interested in teaching and learning in Finnish schools. It shows the results of the systematic and persistent work that has been done on education and schooling in Finland. The main features of education in Finland: - Strong equity policy - Teachers as autonomous and reflective academic experts - Flexible educational structures and local responsibility for curriculum developmentEvaluation for improvements, not for ranking - No national testing, no inspectorate - Research-based teacher education - Teachers’ high competence in content knowledge and pedagogy - Trust in education and teachers


Educational Policy

Editors and affiliations

  • Hannele Niemi
    • 1
  • Auli Toom
    • 2
  • Arto Kallioniemi
    • 3
  1. 1.University of HelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.University of HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.University of HelsinkiFinland

Bibliographic information