The World Geopolitics of Drugs, 1998/1999

  • Alan Labrousse
  • Laurent Laniel

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-20
  2. Alan Labrousse, Laurent Laniel
    Pages 21-32
  3. Alan Labrousse, Laurent Laniel
    Pages 33-51
  4. Alan Labrousse, Laurent Laniel
    Pages 53-102
  5. Alan Labrousse, Laurent Laniel
    Pages 103-165
  6. Alan Labrousse, Laurent Laniel
    Pages 167-240
  7. Alan Labrousse, Laurent Laniel
    Pages 241-284

About this book


The other report is published by the U. S. State Department and is more "committed," but only as far as the national interest of the world's only su­ perpower is concerned. Therefore, the State Department report must be read while keeping in mind the state of U. S. relations with the countries concerned. This report is accompanied by the so-called "certification" process, whose ar­ bitrary character has often been stressed. For instance, Iran, a country whose determination to fight the drug transit on its territory is well-known - more than 100 Iranian law enforcement agents die every year as a restult - was removed from the "blacklist" of "decertified countries" in the spring of 1999, precisely as it was inaugurating a policy of opening itself to external influ­ ence, including that of the United States. In retrospect, this demonstrates that the U. S. government had decertified Iran in past years because it was viewed as an Islamic and terrorist country, not because of its supposed involvement in drug trafficking. Neither does the last State Department report explain why Haji Ayub Afridi, a major Pakistani drug baron, who had voluntarily surrendered to U. S. authorities, returned to Pakistan in 1999 after spending a mere three and a half years in a U. S. prison.


Nation Politics drugs geopolitics of drugs international traffic in narcotics narcotics traffic in narcotics

Authors and affiliations

  • Alan Labrousse
    • 1
  • Laurent Laniel
    • 1
  1. 1.Observatoire Geopolitique des DrougesParisFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5878-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-3505-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site