The Nitrogen Cycle at Regional to Global Scales

  • Elizabeth W. Boyer
  • Robert W. Howarth

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Peter M. Vitousek, Ken Cassman, Cory Cleveland, Tim Crews, Christopher B. Field, Nancy B. Grimm et al.
    Pages 1-45
  3. D. Karl, A. Michaels, B. Bergman, D. Capone, E. Carpenter, R. Letelier et al.
    Pages 47-98
  4. Jason C. Neff, Elisabeth A. Holland, Frank J. Dentener, William H. McDowell, Kristina M. Russell
    Pages 99-136
  5. Elizabeth W. Boyer, Christine L. Goodale, Norbert A. Jaworski, Robert W. Howarth
    Pages 137-169
  6. Bernhard Mayer, Elizabeth W. Boyer, Christine Goodale, Norbert A. Jaworski, Nico Van Breemen, Robert W. Howarth et al.
    Pages 171-197
  7. Sybil P. Seitzinger, Renée V. Styles, Elizabeth W. Boyer, Richard B. Alexander, Gilles Billen, Robert W. Howarth et al.
    Pages 199-237
  8. Christine L. Goodale, Kate Lajtha, Knute J. Nadelhoffer, Elizabeth W. Boyer, Norbert A. Jaworski
    Pages 239-266
  9. N. Van Breemen, E. W. Boyer, C. L. Goodale, N. A. Jaworski, K. Paustian, S. P. Seitzinger et al.
    Pages 267-293
  10. Richard B. Alexander, Penny J. Johnes, Elizabeth W. Boyer, Richard A. Smith
    Pages 295-339
  11. V. N. Bashkin, S. U. Park, M. S. Choi, C. B. Lee
    Pages 387-403
  12. Arvin R. Mosier, Marina Azzaroli Bleken, Pornpimol Chaiwanakupt, Erle C. Ellis, John R. Freney, Richard B. Howarth et al.
    Pages 477-516
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 517-519

About this book


This issue is the final report from the International SCOPE Project on Nitrogen Transport and Transformations: A Regional and Global Analysis. SCOPE (the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, ICSU) authorized the Nitrogen Project as an 8-year effort between 1994 and 2002 because of the need to better understand how humans have altered nitrogen cyc1ing globally and at the scale of large regions. Human activity has more than doubled the rate of formation of reactive nitrogen on the land surface of the earth, and the nitrogen cyc1e continues to accelerate. The distribution of this reactive nitrogen is not uniform, though, and some regions such as Europe and Asia have seen massive increases in reactive nitrogen, while other regions have seen little change. The SCOPE Nitrogen Project has synthesized detailed information on the nature of the human alteration of the nitrogen cyc1e through aseries of workshops over the past 8 years. These cumulatively have involved over 250 of previous workshops scientists from over 20 different nations. The results have been published in aseries of special journal issues and reports that synthesize information on nitrogen in the North Atlantic Ocean and its water­ sheds (Howarth 1996), nitrogen cycling in Asia (Hong-Chi Lin et al. 1996; Mosier et al.


atmosphere ecosystem environment synthesis

Editors and affiliations

  • Elizabeth W. Boyer
    • 1
  • Robert W. Howarth
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of New YorkSyracuseUSA
  2. 2.The Ecosystems CenterMarine Biological LabWoods HoleUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-6086-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-3405-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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