The Life Cycle of Copper, Its Co-Products and Byproducts

  • Robert U. Ayres
  • Leslie W. Ayres
  • Ingrid Råde

Part of the Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science book series (ECOE, volume 13)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Robert U. Ayres, Leslie W. Ayres, Ingrid Råde
    Pages 1-19
  3. Robert U. Ayres, Leslie W. Ayres, Ingrid Råde
    Pages 21-58
  4. Robert U. Ayres, Leslie W. Ayres, Ingrid Råde
    Pages 59-100
  5. Robert U. Ayres, Leslie W. Ayres, Ingrid Råde
    Pages 101-147
  6. Robert U. Ayres, Leslie W. Ayres, Ingrid Råde
    Pages 149-168
  7. Robert U. Ayres, Leslie W. Ayres, Ingrid Råde
    Pages 169-182
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 183-265

About this book


Achieving the goals and objectives of sustainable development requires better information about the consequences of proposed actions. Partial information accounts for many failed efforts in the past. The financial implications for the proponent of the projects have often been more thoroughly analyzed than the implications for other actors. The impacts on biological diversity, or on the social fabric of local communities, have often been ignored. Decisi- makers may also focus more on the short-term consequences instead of long- term impacts, creating negative unintended consequences. It is clear that better decision-making processes are needed. Making better decisions requires identifying, obtaining, synthesizing and acting on larger and more diverse data sets, including information that has previously been overlooked in development decisions. The good news is that better processes are being developed and are becoming available. If the goal is to reach decisions that are broadly understood and accepted, affected communities need to be consulted. Early public participation in defining problems is a prerequisite to effective decision-making. There is no universal formula or checklist of information applicable to every proposed project. The scope of information required should not be determined from the start by small cadres of experts. It is unlikely that any individual or small group processes all of the expertise to achieve the kind of profound int- disciplinary synthesis that is needed.


Recycling development environment industry sustainable development

Authors and affiliations

  • Robert U. Ayres
    • 1
  • Leslie W. Ayres
    • 1
  • Ingrid Råde
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for the Management of Environmental Resources INSEADFontainebleau CedexFrance
  2. 2.Physical Resource Development, School of PhysicsChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-6396-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-3379-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-6970
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Oil, Gas & Geosciences