Law and Economics of International Climate Change Policy

  • Reimund Schwarze

Part of the Environment & Policy book series (ENPO, volume 30)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Reimund Schwarze
    Pages 1-5
  3. Reimund Schwarze, Eric Levy
    Pages 7-20
  4. Reimund Schwarze
    Pages 21-54
  5. Reimund Schwarze, John O. Niles
    Pages 55-74
  6. Axel Michaelowa, Reimund Schwarze
    Pages 117-132
  7. Reimund Schwarze
    Pages 133-136
  8. Reimund Schwarze
    Pages 137-144
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 145-146

About this book

Introduction

International climate change policy can be broadly divided into two periods: A first period, where a broad consensus was reached to tackle the risk of global warming in a coordinated global effort, and a second period, where this consensus was finally framed into a concrete policy. The first period started at the "Earth Summit" of Rio de Janeiro in 1992, where the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was opened for signature. The UNFCCC was subsequently signed and ratified by 174 countries, making it one of the most accepted international rd treaties ever. The second period was initiated at the 3 Conference of the Parties (COP3) to the UNFCCC in Kyoto in 1997, which produced the Kyoto Protocol (KP). Till now, eighty-four countries have signed the Kyoto Protocol, but only twelve ratified it. A major reason for this slow ratification is that most operational details of the Kyoto Protocol were not decided in Kyoto but deferred to following conferences. This deferral of the details, while probably appropriate to initially reach an agreement, is a major stepping stone for a speedy ratification of the protocol. National policy makers and their constituencies, who would ultimately bear the cost of Kyoto, are generally not prepared to ratify a treaty that could mean anything, from an unsustainable strict regime of international control of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to an "L-regime" ofloopholes, or from a pure market-based international carbon trading to a regime of huge international carbon tax funds.

Keywords

Climate Change Conservation Kyoto Protocol bioenergy climate change policy development forest

Authors and affiliations

  • Reimund Schwarze
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Environmental EconomicsUniversity of TechnologyBerlinGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-2047-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5647-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-2047-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1383-5130
  • About this book