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Fate of Pesticides in the Atmosphere: Implications for Environmental Risk Assessment

Proceedings of a workshop organised by The Health Council of the Netherlands, held in Driebergen, The Netherlands, April 22–24, 1998

  • Harrie F. G. Van Dijk
  • W. Addo J. Van Pul
  • Pim De Voogt

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-1
  2. H. F. G. van Dijk, W. A. J. van Pul, P. de Voogt
    Pages 3-4
  3. Robert Guicherit, Dick J. Bakker, Pim De Voogt, Frederik Van Den Berg, Harrie F. G. Van Dijk, W. Addo J. Van Pul
    Pages 5-19
  4. Nico M. van Straalen, Cornelis A. M. van Gestel
    Pages 71-81
  5. J. Hans A. Van Jaarsveld, W. Addo J. Van Pul
    Pages 167-182
  6. F. Van Den Berg, R. Kubiak, W. G. Benjey, M. S. Majewski, S. R. Yates, G. L. Reeves et al.
    Pages 195-218
  7. Roger Atkinson, Rob Guicherit, Ronald A. Hites, Wolf-Ulrich Palm, James N. Seiber, Pim De Voogt
    Pages 219-243
  8. W. Addo J. Van Pul, Terry F. Bidleman, Eva Brorström-Lundén, Peter J. H. Builtjes, Sergey Dutchak, Jan H. Duyzer et al.
    Pages 245-256
  9. D. J. Bakker, A. J. Gilbert, D. Gottschild, T. Kuchnicki, R. W. P. M. Laane, J. B. H. J. Linders et al.
    Pages 257-266
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 267-276

About this book

Introduction

Global pesticide use is currently estimated at approximately 2. 5 billion kg per year (Pimentel eta/. , 1998). To be effective, pesticides need to persist for a certain period of time. However, the longer their persistence, the greater the potential for transport of a fraction of the amount applied away from the target area. Pesticides are dispersed in the environment by water currents, wind, or biota. Pesticides can directly contaminate ground and surface waters by leaching, surface run-off and drift. Pesticides can also enter the atmosphere during application by evaporation and drift of small spray droplets, that remain airborne. Following application, pesticides may volatilise from the crop or the soil. Finally, wind erosion can cause soil particles and dust loaded with pesticides to enter the atmosphere. The extent to which pesticides enter the air compartment is dependent upon many factors: the properties of the substance in question (e. g. vapour pressure), the amount used, the method of application, the formulation, the weather conditions (such as wind speed, temperature, humidity), the nature of the crop and soil characteristics. Measurements at application sites reveal that sometimes more than half of the amount applied is lost into the atmosphere within a few days (Spencer and Cliath, 1990; Taylor and Spencer; 1990; Van den Berg et a/. , this issue).

Keywords

environment environmental risk assessment pesticide pesticide residues residue residues transport

Editors and affiliations

  • Harrie F. G. Van Dijk
    • 1
  • W. Addo J. Van Pul
    • 2
  • Pim De Voogt
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Council of the NetherlandsThe HagueThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Air Research LaboratoryNational Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)BilthovenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Environmental and Toxicological ChemistryUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1536-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1999
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5329-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-1536-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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