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Theoretical Chemistry and Physics of Heavy and Superheavy Elements

  • U. Kaldor
  • S. Wilson

Part of the Progress in Theoretical Chemistry and Physics book series (PTCP, volume 11)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. V. Pershina, D. C. Hoffman
    Pages 55-114
  3. Uzi Kaldor, Ephraim Eliav, Arie Landau
    Pages 171-210
  4. Yasuyuki Ishikawa, Marius J. Vilkas
    Pages 269-324
  5. M. Barysz
    Pages 349-397
  6. Peter Schwerdtfeger
    Pages 399-438
  7. Leonti Labzowsky, Igor Goidenko
    Pages 487-556
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 557-565

About this book

Introduction

Quantum mechanics provides the fundamental theoretical apparatus for describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules in terms of the behaviour of their fundamental components, electrons and nudeL For heavy atoms and molecules containing them, the electrons can move at speeds which represent a substantial fraction of the speed of light, and thus relativity must be taken into account. Relativistic quantum mechanics therefore provides the basic formalism for calculating the properties of heavy-atom systems. The purpose of this book is to provide a detailed description of the application of relativistic quantum mechanics to the many-body prob­ lem in the theoretical chemistry and physics of heavy and superheavy elements. Recent years have witnessed a continued and growing interest in relativistic quantum chemical methods and the associated computa­ tional algorithms which facilitate their application. This interest is fu­ elled by the need to develop robust, yet efficient theoretical approaches, together with efficient algorithms, which can be applied to atoms in the lower part of the Periodic Table and, more particularly, molecules and molecular entities containing such atoms. Such relativistic theories and computational algorithms are an essential ingredient for the description of heavy element chemistry, becoming even more important in the case of superheavy elements. They are destined to become an indispensable tool in the quantum chemist's armoury. Indeed, since relativity influences the structure of every atom in the Periodic Table, relativistic molecular structure methods may replace in many applications the non-relativistic techniques widely used in contemporary research.

Keywords

molecule quantum electrodynamics quantum mechanics relativistic quantum mechanics spectroscopy structure theoretical chemistry

Editors and affiliations

  • U. Kaldor
    • 1
  • S. Wilson
    • 2
  1. 1.School of ChemistryTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryChilton, OxfordshireEngland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-0105-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-6313-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-0105-1
  • Series Print ISSN 1567-7354
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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