Supercritical Fluids

Fundamentals for Application

  • Erdogan Kiran
  • Johanna M. H. Levelt Sengers

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 273)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Critical Behavior, Phase Equilibria, Thermodynamics

  3. Fluctuations, Crossover Effects, Transport Properties

  4. Integral Equations Approach

  5. Computer Simulations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 385-385

About this book

Introduction

Supercritical fluids which are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density, are gaining increasing importance as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the pressure, or more strictly the density, the properties of these fluids are customized and manipulated for the particular process at hand, be it a physical transformation, such as separation or solvation, or a chemical transformation, such as a reaction or reactive extraction. Supercritical fluids, however, differ from both gases and liquids in many respects. In order to properly understand and describe their properties, it is necessary to know the implications of their nearness to criticality, to be aware of the complex types of phase separation (including solid phases) that occur when the components of the fluid mixture are very different from each other, and to develop theories that can cope with the large differences in molecular size and shape of the supercritical solvent and the solutes that are present.

Keywords

Absorption Copolymer Olefin Vakuuminjektionsverfahren chemistry extraction polymer pressure thermodynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • Erdogan Kiran
    • 1
  • Johanna M. H. Levelt Sengers
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MaineOronoUSA
  2. 2.Thermophysics DivisionNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8295-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-4427-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-8295-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Pharma
Automotive
Chemical Manufacturing
Biotechnology
Electronics
Consumer Packaged Goods
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Aerospace
Oil, Gas & Geosciences
Engineering