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Analogical Reasoning

Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy

  • David H. Helman

Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 197)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Conceptual and Categorical Theories of Analogical Understanding

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mark Turner
      Pages 3-24
    3. P. K. Saha
      Pages 41-61
  3. Computational and Cognitive Theories of Analogical Reasoning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-63
    2. Smadar Kedar-Cabelli
      Pages 65-103
    3. Paul Thagard
      Pages 105-124
    4. Russell Greiner
      Pages 147-170
    5. Dedre Gentner, Brian Falkenhainer, Janice Skorstad
      Pages 171-177
    6. Mark H. Burstein
      Pages 179-203
    7. Kevin D. Ashley
      Pages 205-224
  4. Logical and Probabilistic Theories of Analogical Reasoning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 225-225
    2. Stuart Russell
      Pages 251-269
    3. Ilkka Niiniluoto
      Pages 271-298
    4. Theo A. F. Kuipers
      Pages 299-313
  5. Analogy and Information Processing: Perspectives of the Philosophy of Science

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 315-315
    2. Lindley Darden, Roy Rada
      Pages 341-375
    3. Joseph Agassi
      Pages 401-419
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 421-428

About this book

Introduction

In the last few years, there has been an enormous amount of activity in the study of analogy and metaphor. This is partly because of an interest of artificial intelligence researchers in simulating learning processes using analogy. It also arises from critical examinations of standard theories in the philosophy of language, with their inbuilt literal/meta­ phoric distinction. This volume consists of recent previously unpub­ lished work in this area, with a particular emphasis upon the role of analogies in reasoning and, more generally, their role in thought and language. The papers are contributed by philosophers, computer scientists, cognitive scientists and literary critics. Researchers in these fields whose focus is the study of analogy and metaphor will find much of interest in this volume. These essays can also serve as an introduction to some of the major approaches taken in the investigation of analogy. As noted, this volume brings together the work of researchers in several different disciplines. The various approaches taken with respect to the understanding of analogy tend to be rather different, however, the articles suggest a common conclusion. Analogy and metaphor pervade thought and language; their close investigation thus constitutes a valuable contribution to our understanding of persons. DAVID H. HELMAN Case Western Reserve University vii PART I CONCEPTUAL AND CATEGORICAL THEORIES OF ANALOGICAL UNDERSTANDING MARK TURNER CATEGORIES AND ANALOGIES I want to pursue the following claims: The way we categorize helps explain the way we recognize a statement as an analogy.

Keywords

artificial intelligence information processing intelligence learning philosophy

Editors and affiliations

  • David H. Helman
    • 1
  1. 1.Case Western Reserve UniversityUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-7811-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-8450-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-7811-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site