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Local Induction

  • Radu J. Bogdan

Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 93)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Isaac Levi
    Pages 1-71
  3. Roger Rosenkrantz
    Pages 73-92
  4. William K. Goosens
    Pages 93-113
  5. Keith Lehrer
    Pages 115-143
  6. James H. Fetzer
    Pages 145-170
  7. Klemens Szaniawski
    Pages 171-182
  8. Günter Menges, E. Kofler
    Pages 183-189
  9. Henry E. Kyburg Jr.
    Pages 191-215
  10. Radu J. Bogdan
    Pages 217-234
  11. Håkan Törnebohm
    Pages 297-318
  12. Radu J. Bogdan
    Pages 329-336
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 337-345

About this book

Introduction

The local justification of beliefs and hypotheses has recently become a major concern for epistemologists and philosophers of induction. As such, the problem of local justification is not entirely new. Most pragmatists had addressed themselves to it, and so did, to some extent, many classical inductivists in the Bacon-Whewell-Mill tradition. In the last few decades, however, the use of logic and semantics, probability calculus, statistical methods, and decision-theoretic concepts in the reconstruction of in­ ductive inference has revealed some important technical respects in which inductive justification can be local: the choice of a language, with its syntactic and semantic features, the relativity of probabilistic evalua­ tions to an initial body of evidence or background knowledge and to an agent's utilities and preferences, etc. Some paradoxes and difficulties encountered by purely formal accounts of inductive justification, the erosion of the once dominant empiricist position, which most approaches to induction took for granted, and the increasing challenge of noninduc­ tivist epistemolgies have underscored the need of accounting for the methodological problems of applying inductive logic to real life contexts, particularly in science. As a result, in the late fifties and sixties, several related developments pointed to a new, local approach to inductive justification.

Keywords

David Hume bibliography decision theory knowledge subject

Editors and affiliations

  • Radu J. Bogdan
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-9799-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1976
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-011-9801-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-9799-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site