Bacterial Control of Mosquitoes & Black Flies

Biochemistry, Genetics & Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis and Bacillus sphaericus

  • Huguette de Barjac
  • Donald J. Sutherland

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (B.t.i.)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Brian A. Federici, Peter Lüthy, Jorge E. Ibarra
      Pages 16-44
    3. Chris N. Chilcott, Barbara H. Knowles, David J. Ellar, Francis A. Drobniewski
      Pages 45-65
    4. Vaithilingam Sekar
      Pages 66-77
    5. Thomas M. Boyle, Donald H. Dean
      Pages 78-93
    6. Kathleen C. Raymond, Hiroetsu Wabiko, Robert M. Faust, Lee A. Bulla Jr.
      Pages 94-109
    7. Pierre Guillet, Daniel C. Kurtak, Bernard Philippon, Rolf Meyer
      Pages 187-201
    8. Joel P. Siegel, John A. Shadduck
      Pages 202-217
  3. Bacillus sphaericus

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 219-219
    2. Elizabeth W. Davidson, Allan A. Yousten
      Pages 237-255
    3. William F. Burke Jr., Karen A. Orzech
      Pages 256-271
    4. Amaret Bhumiratana
      Pages 272-283
    5. Lawrence A. Lacey
      Pages 284-294
    6. Joel P. Siegel, John A. Shadduck
      Pages 321-331
  4. The Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 333-333
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 343-349

About this book


Mosquitoes and black flies are a constant threat to health and comfort, yet the modern chemical pesticides used to control them have cre­ ated serious ecological problems. Populations of resistant mosquitoes and black flies have evolved, beneficial insects and natural predators have been destroyed, and environmental pollution has increased worldwide. Therefore, scientists have energetically sought new, environmentally safe technologies to combat mosquitoes and black flies and the diseases they carry. Among the most effective alternative means of controlling these pests are the highly spe­ cific microbial agents derived from Bacillus tburingiensis or Bacillus spbaericus. The microbial control of mosquitoes and black flies is a very important, rapidly developing area of science. Entomologists and microbiologists have already achieved spectacular successes using B. tburingiensis and B. spbaericus against these pests. Recent discoveries of new bacterial isolates specific to new hosts and recent genetic improvements in these isolates have created the potential for wide-scale use of these biological control agents. Efficient microbial control of mosquitoes and black flies can now be achieved, but a proper knowledge of factors relating to the safe and effective use of these biological control agents is necessary. The efficacy of B. tburingiensis and B. spbaericus is influenced by the inherent differential tol­ erance of the target mosquitoes or black flies, by the formulation technology and application of these agents, and by environmental factors, especially sun­ light and temperature.


Mammalia bacteria classification climate development genetics insecticide insects pesticide pesticides predator resistance system

Editors and affiliations

  • Huguette de Barjac
    • 1
  • Donald J. Sutherland
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut PasteurParisFrance
  2. 2.Mosquito Research and Control, Department of Entomology and Economic ZoologyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-011-5969-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5967-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Energy, Utilities & Environment