Sensitivity to Change: Black Sea, Baltic Sea and North Sea

  • Emin Özsoy
  • Alexander Mikaelyan

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASEN2, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Yu. P. Zaitsev, B. G. Alexandrov
    Pages 25-31
  3. V. L. Vladimirov, V. I. Mankovsky, M. V. Solov’ev, A. V. Mishonov
    Pages 33-48
  4. A. Cociasu, V. Diaconu, L. Popa, L. Buga, I. Nae, L. Dorogan et al.
    Pages 49-63
  5. A. C. Gücü
    Pages 149-162
  6. K. Prodanov, K. Mikhailov, G. Daskalov, K. Maxim, A. Chashchin, A. Arkhipov et al.
    Pages 163-181
  7. Özden Baştürk, Süleyman Tuğrul, Sergei Konovalov, İlkay Salihoğlu
    Pages 183-196
  8. Sergey Konovalov, Süleyman Tuğrul, Özden Baştürk, İlkay Salihoğlu
    Pages 197-210
  9. Ken O. Buesseler, Hugh D. Livingston
    Pages 239-251

About this book


Recent decades have seen a degradation of the environmental quality in semi-enclosed seas, which are particularly sensitive to population pressures due to their naturally low flushing rates related to their geometry. The North Sea, Baltic Sea and the Black Sea are amongst the most seriously threatened seas in the Euro-Asian region. Each semi-enclosed sea has a distinct pattern of circulation, transport, mixing, associated with the particular geometry, topography, boundary processes, interior stratification, atmospheric forcing, ice fonnation, straits / sill controls, and the specific inputs of freshwater, nutrients and pollutants. The workshop investigated the distinctive physical and ecological characteristics of the three seas in a comparative manner, in order to identify the types of driving forces and dynamic controls operating on productivity, nutrient cycling, physical transport and mixing mechanisms. A comparative study of these controlling mechanisms would allow us to better understand ecosystem sensitivity in these different environments. The workshop presentations highlighted the complexity of the semi-enclosed seas related to the interaction amongst the physical, chemical and biological fields, and differences in time and space scales in each of the systems. Further, a strong climate signal exists in these systems, manifest in the interannual, interdecadal and longer term variability. Part of the variability appears connected with background climatic variability.


Coast Fauna Ocean Oceanography Plankton Scale ecosystem environment marine phytoplankton sea level

Editors and affiliations

  • Emin Özsoy
    • 1
  • Alexander Mikaelyan
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Marine SciencesMETUErdemli, İçelTurkey
  2. 2.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyMoscowRussia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6429-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5758-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-1839
  • About this book
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