UV-B and Biosphere

  • J. Rozema
  • W. W. C. Gieskes
  • S. C. Van De Geijn
  • C. Nolan
  • H. De Boois

Part of the Advances in vegetation science book series (AIVS, volume 17)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-1
  2. UV-B and aquatic ecosystems

  3. UV-B and terrestrial ecosystems: general and methodological aspects

  4. UV-B and physiology of terrestrial plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 99-99
    2. Yiannis Manetas, Yiola Petropoulou, Kostas Stamatakis, Dimostenis Nikolopoulos, Efi Levizou, George Psaras et al.
      Pages 100-108
    3. Jelte Rozema, Agnes Chardonnens, Marcel Tosserams, Raemond Hafkenscheid, Sampurno Bruijnzeel
      Pages 150-159
    4. Wilfried H. O. Ernst, Jos W. M. van de Staaij, Hans J. M. Nelissen
      Pages 162-170

About this book

Introduction

Current phase-out schedules of the production and emission of CFC's indicate that chlorine loading in the stratosphere is not yet at its maximum. The recovery of stratospheric ozone is estimated to take time and ele­ vated levels of UV-B radiation are expected to occur throughout most of the next century. Despite numerous physiological studies of UV-B effects on plants, often grown in climate chambers, knowledge of UV-B effects on organisms and processes in natural aquatic or terrestrial ecosystems is poor. Currently it appears that UV-B radiation is not just an environmental stress' factor to plants. In various ways, which are incompletely understood, UV-B affects a wide range of physiological and ecological processes. Remarkably, recent field studies indicate that enhanced UV-B does not markedly affect photosynthesis, growth and primary production, but rather interferes with plant morphogenesis and plant and ecosystem functions relating to the secondary metabolism. This special issue and book UV-B and Biosphere is an attempt to cover this range and to report the progress made in the research of ecological effects of enhanced solar UV-B radiation. The papers in this book formed the basis of an international workshop entitled' UV-B and Biosphere' , December 15-18, 1995, in Wageningen, The Netherlands. A first reaction of Hans de Boois on the number of papers and sessions scheduled from Friday to Sunday morning was: far too many.

Keywords

Chloroplast bean biogeochemical cycles ecosystem processes ecosystems nitrogen phaseolus vulgaris l. photosynthesis physiology phytoplankton plankton plant morphology seedlings terrestrial ecosystems

Editors and affiliations

  • J. Rozema
    • 1
  • W. W. C. Gieskes
    • 2
  • S. C. Van De Geijn
    • 3
  • C. Nolan
    • 4
  • H. De Boois
    • 5
  1. 1.Free UniversityAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.State University of GroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Research Institute of Agrobiology and Soil Fertility (AB-DLO)WageningenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.European Commission — DGXII-E-1, Science & Technology for Environm. ProtectionBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.Netherlands Research OrganisationThe HagueThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5718-6
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6411-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5718-6
  • About this book
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