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Geomorphological Hazards in High Mountain Areas

  • Jan Kalvoda
  • Charles L. Rosenfeld

Part of the The GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 46)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. J F. Shroder Jr., M. P. Bishop, R. Scheppy
    Pages 27-48
  3. Jussi Baade, Roland Mäusbacher, Günther A. Wagner, Erwin Heine, Robert Kostka
    Pages 49-62
  4. Andrew Goudie
    Pages 107-120
  5. D. M. Cruden, X. Q. Hu
    Pages 133-148
  6. David R. Butler, George P. Malanson, Forrest D. Wilkerson, Ginger L. Schmid
    Pages 149-166
  7. T. A. Blodgett, C. Blizard, B. L. Isacks
    Pages 211-227
  8. Jeff Warburton, Mark Macklin, David Preston
    Pages 229-243
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 309-316

About this book

Introduction

On the basis of a total of thirteen case examples from the Tien Shan, Karakorum, Himalaya and Tangula Shan (central Tibet), the risk potential and hazards are inferred from the development of landscape during the Quaternary. The history of glaciers can be seen as of central importance for this. The Ice Age glacial erosion created V-shaped valleys, which with their steep flanks - as a consequence of the interglacial formation of V -valleys - have prepared and brought about landslides as well as rockslides and the hazards, combined with them. The same is true for the moraines, which the gla­ ciers have deposited high-up in the valley flanks and related loose stone deposits. Dry and wet mass movements follow after heavy precipitation, especially in the semi-arid investigation areas, and are catastrophes for the settlements and the communication routes in the valley floors. Their key-forms are debris cones and debris slopes, as well as mudflows and alluvial fans. In addition to the Ice Age glaciation history, as a preparatory, indirect factor, the Holocene to present glaciation history is, as a result of the danlming-up of glacier- and moraine lakes and their outbursts, a direct risk factor. The examples presented of acute and already occurred cases of damage were inves­ tigated in the years 1989-1994. Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), the Max Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG), the Volkswagen-Stiftting (VW) and the Deutscher Aka­ demischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) for the financial support for the field-work.

Keywords

erosion natural disaster production

Editors and affiliations

  • Jan Kalvoda
    • 1
  • Charles L. Rosenfeld
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Oregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5228-0
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6200-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-5228-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-5499
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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