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The Hot Universe

Proceedings of the 188th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union Held in Kyoto, Japan, August 26–30, 1997

  • Katsuji Koyama
  • Shunji Kitamoto
  • Masayuki Itoh
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. IAU Symposium No. 188 The Hot Universe The Hot Universe: An Overview

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Y. Tanaka
      Pages 3-6
    3. Plasma and Fresh Nucleosynthesis Phenomena

      1. Kazunari Shibata
        Pages 9-12
      2. R. Pallavicini
        Pages 13-16
      3. Thierry Montmerle
        Pages 17-20
      4. Y. Uchida, S. Hirose, S. Cable, S. Uemura, K. Fujisaki, M. Torii et al.
        Pages 21-24
      5. K. Nomoto, T. Suzuki
        Pages 27-30
      6. N. Prantzos
        Pages 31-34
      7. H. Tsunemi
        Pages 39-42
      8. J. S. Kaastra
        Pages 43-46
      9. S. Yamauchi
        Pages 47-50
      10. M. Loewenstein, R. F. Mushotzky
        Pages 53-56
      11. Trevor J. Ponman, Alexis Finoguenov
        Pages 61-64
    4. Future Space Programs

      1. A. N. Parmar, M. Bavdaz, F. Favata, T. Oosterbroek, A. Orr, A. Owens et al.
        Pages 71-74
      2. Y. Ogawara
        Pages 75-78
      3. Martin Elvis
        Pages 79-82
      4. G. Hasinger, J. TrüMper, R. Staubert
        Pages 83-86
      5. W. Hermsen, C. Winkler
        Pages 87-90
    5. Diagnostics of High Gravity Objects with X- and Gamma Rays

      1. G. Fabbiano
        Pages 93-96
      2. D. A. Leahy
        Pages 105-106
      3. Walter H. G. Lewin
        Pages 111-111
      4. R. Petre, J. Keohane, U. Hwang, G. Allen, E. Gotthelf
        Pages 117-120
      5. Toru Tanimori
        Pages 121-124
      6. Ph Durouchoux, D. Hannikainen
        Pages 131-134
      7. E. J. A. Meurs
        Pages 145-148
      8. J. R. Mattox
        Pages 149-152
      9. F. Takahara
        Pages 153-156
      10. Gerald J. Fishman
        Pages 159-162
      11. C. Kouveliotou
        Pages 167-170
      12. T. Murakami, Y. Ueda, R. Fujimoto, M. Ishida, R. Shibata, S. Uno et al.
        Pages 171-174
    6. Large Scale Hot Plasmas and Their Relation with Dark Matter

      1. M. Pierre
        Pages 177-180
      2. S. Bowyer, R. Lieu, J. P. Mittaz
        Pages 185-188
      3. H. Inoue, T. Takahashi, Y. Ueda, A. Yamashita, Y. Ishisaki, Y. Ogasaka
        Pages 197-200
  3. Contributed Papers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 201-201
    2. Plasma and Fresh Nucleosynthesis Phenomena

      1. A. KrüGer, B. Kliem, J. Hildebrandt, V. P. Nefedev, B. V. Agalakov, G. Ya Smolkov
        Pages 205-206

About these proceedings

Introduction

The present decade is opening new frontiers in high-energy astrophysics. After the X-ray satellites in the 1980's, including Einstein, Tenma, EXOSAT and Ginga, several satellites are, or will soon be, simultaneously in orbit offering spectacular advances in X-ray imaging at low energies (ROSATj Yohkoh) as well as at high energies (GRANAT), in spectroscopy with increased bandwidth (ASCAj SAX), and in timing (XTE). While these satellites allow us to study atomic radiation from hot plasmas or energetic electrons, other satellites study nuclear radiation at gamma-ray energies (CGRO) associated with radioactivity or spallation reactions. These experiments show that the whole universe is emitting radiation at high energies, hence we call it the "hot universe. " The hot universe, preferentially emitting X- and gamma-rays, provides us with many surprises and much information. A symposium "The Hot Universe" was held in conjunction with the XXIIIrd General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union, at Kyoto on August 26-30 in 1997. The proceedings are organized as follows. Synthetic view of "the hot universe" is discussed in Section 1, "Plasma and Fresh Nucleosynthesis Phenomena". Timely discussions on the strategy for future missions "Future Space Program" are found in Section 2. Then the contents are divided into two major subjects: the compact objects and thin hot diffuse plasmas. Section 3 is devoted to the category of compact objects which includes white dwarfs, neutron stars, and gravitationally collapsed objects: stellar mass black holes or active galactic nuclei.

Keywords

Supernova astrophysics black hole galaxies gravity neutron star spectroscopy sun universe

Editors and affiliations

  • Katsuji Koyama
    • 1
  • Shunji Kitamoto
    • 2
  • Masayuki Itoh
    • 3
  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityJapan
  2. 2.Osaka UniversityJapan
  3. 3.Kobe UniversityJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4970-9
  • Copyright Information International Astronomical Union 1998
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-5059-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-4970-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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