Environmental Degradation of the Black Sea: Challenges and Remedies

  • Sükrü T. Beşiktepe
  • Ümit Ünlüata
  • Alexandru S. Bologa

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASEN2, volume 56)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Naci Görür
    Pages 1-8
  3. Ö. Baştürk, E. Yakushev, S. Tuğrul, İ. Salihoğlu
    Pages 43-59
  4. S. K. Konovalov, L. I. Ivanov, J. W. Murray, L. V. Eremeeva
    Pages 61-74
  5. James W. Murray, Bing-Sun Lee, John Bullister, George W. Luther III
    Pages 75-91
  6. M. E. Vinogradov, E. A. Shushkina, A. S. Mikaelyan, N. P. Nezlin
    Pages 109-129
  7. Alexandru S. Bologa, Petre T. Frangopol, Vladimir I. Vedernikov, Ludmila V. Stelmakh, Oleg A. Yunev, Aysen Yilmaz et al.
    Pages 131-145
  8. U. Niermann, A. E. Kideys, A. V. Kovalev, V. Melnikov, V. Belokopytov
    Pages 147-173
  9. Adriana Petranu, Mukader Apas, Nicolae Bodeanu, Alexandru S. Bologa, Camelia Dumitrache, Maria Moldoveanu et al.
    Pages 175-195
  10. Temel Oguz, Umit Unluata, Hugh W. Ducklow, Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli
    Pages 197-223
  11. G. K. Korotaev, O. A. Saenko, C. J. Koblinsky, V. V. Knysh
    Pages 225-244
  12. V. L. Vladimirov, V. I. Mankovsky, M. V. Solov’ev, A. V. Mishonov, S. T. Besiktepe
    Pages 245-256
  13. G. E. Shulman, A. Ya. Stolbov, E. V. Ivleva, V. Ya. Shchepkin, G. S. Minyuk
    Pages 257-272
  14. M. N. Moore, D. M. Lowe, R. J. Wedderburn, T. Wade, G. Balashov, H. Büyükgüngör et al.
    Pages 273-289
  15. V. L. Vladimirov, S. T. Besiktepe, D. G. Aubrey
    Pages 291-301
  16. Vladimir O. Mamaev, David G. Aubrey, Oleg Musin
    Pages 303-316
  17. V. Ryabinin, M. Popova, J. Poitevin, P. Daniel, A. Frolov, G. Kortchev
    Pages 317-336
  18. Paul Hankins, Fred Touchstone, Bill Hanion
    Pages 337-349
  19. L. Stoyanov, D. Dorogan, S. Jelescu
    Pages 351-365
  20. Back Matter
    Pages 377-393

About this book


The Black Sea presently faces severe ecological disequilibrium due primarily to eutrophication and other types of contaminants, from atmospheric, river and landbased sources. Major contaminants include nutrients, pesticides, hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Among the most critical contemporary concerns are eutrophication and associated deterioration of water quality, plankton blooms, hypoxia and anoxia, loss of biodiversity and decline of living resources. A better understanding of conditions leading to eutrophication and of the associated changes during the last four decades, is being carried out at national , regional and international levels. High quality scientific research has been conducted in all Black Sea riparian countries (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine). In addition, several successful regional research programmes (e.g., CoMSBlack, NATO-TU Black Sea, NATO-TU Waves, EC-EROS 2000 Phase III, IOC­ Black Sea Regional Center with Pilot Projects 112) and one major environmental management program (GEF-BSEP) have been successfully launched. New international efforts like the Black Sea Commission, the Black Sea Program Coordination Unit, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (all situated in Istanbul), together with the Convention for the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution (Bucharest, 1992) and the Odessa Interministerial Decleration (1993) attest to the economic and political importance of these problems and the attention presently paid to this endangered sea.


Biodiversity Coast Danube Eutrophication Ocean Oceanography Plankton Sediment biogeochemical cycles ecosystem environment marine

Editors and affiliations

  • Sükrü T. Beşiktepe
    • 1
  • Ümit Ünlüata
    • 1
  • Alexandru S. Bologa
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Marine SciencesMETUErdemli, İçelTurkey
  2. 2.Romanian Marine Research InstituteConstantaRomania

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-5676-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-4568-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-1839
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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