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Grasshoppers and Grassland Health

Managing Grasshopper Outbreaks without Risking Environmental Disaster

  • Jeffrey A. Lockwood
  • Alexandre V. Latchininsky
  • Michael G. Sergeev

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASEN2, volume 73)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Introduction

  3. Grasshoppers as Integral Elements of Grasslands

  4. Grasshopper Population Ecology and Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 71-71
    2. M. G. Sergeev, O. V. Denisova, I. A. Vanjkova
      Pages 71-87
  5. Grasshopper and Locust Control Strategies and Tools

  6. Grasshopper Control and Grassland Health

  7. Summary

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 217-221

About this book

Introduction

Acridids (grasshoppers and locusts) can range from being rare curiosities to abundant menaces. Some are threatened with extinction and become subjects of intensive conservation efforts, while others are devastating pests and become the objects of massive control programmes. Even within a species, there are times when the animal is so abundant that its crushed masses cause the wheels of trains to skid (the Rocky Mountain grasshopper, Melanoplus spretus Walsh in western North America in the 1860s and I 870s), while at other times the animal is alarmingly scarce (the Rocky Mountain grasshopper went extinct in the early 1900s). Why are there these extremes in one insect family, and even in a single species? The NATO workshop examined this paradox and its implications for Environmental Security, which must address both the elements of land use (agricultural production and pest management) and conservation of biodiversity. The reconciliation of these objectives clearly demands a critical assessment of current knowledge and policies, identification of future research, and close working relationships among scientists. Insects can present two clear faces, as well as the intervening gradation. These extremes require us to respond in two ways: conservation of scarce species and suppression of abundant (harmful) species. But perhaps most important, these opposite poles also provide the opportunity for an exchange of information and insight.

Keywords

Controlling Ecology Orthoptera agroecosystems biodiversity ecosystem ecosystems environment insect vegetation

Editors and affiliations

  • Jeffrey A. Lockwood
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexandre V. Latchininsky
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael G. Sergeev
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Entomology Section, Department of Renewable ResourcesUniversity of WyomingLaramieUSA
  2. 2.Department of General BiologyNovosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Association for Applied Acridology InternationalUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4337-0
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-6530-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-4337-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-1839
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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