Highly Selective Separations in Biotechnology

  • G. Street

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. G. Street
    Pages 1-6
  3. M. N. Gupta, B. Mattiasson
    Pages 7-33
  4. G. Johansson, F. Tjerneld
    Pages 55-85
  5. A. I. Liapis, K. K. Unger
    Pages 121-162
  6. A. J. Whitmarsh, D. P. Hornby
    Pages 163-178
  7. C. M. Heard, K. R. Brain
    Pages 179-206
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 227-231

About this book

Introduction

Success in meeting the challenge to produce the commercial products anticipated by the exploitation of biological processes depends upon provid­ ing effective separation protocols. Effectiveness can be measured in terms of selectivity, purity, resolution and validatory success. The major processing problems are associated with either the selective recovery of molecules which are present in low concentrations from complex mixtures or the selective removal of contaminants from the desired molecule. Central to the evolution of processes satisfying this demand are the regulatory requirements being imposed by governments on the purity of a product, especially in the health care market. Synthetic organic chemists are increasingly finding it advantageous to conduct one or more steps using either enzymic biotransformations where molecules with a single and consistent stereochemistry or chirality are required. The underlying princi­ ples behind the methods, techniques and processes currently being used and developed commercially rely upon the biospecific nature and properties of the desired molecule. When these factors are married to the more traditional techniques of precipitation, chromatography, liquid-liquid extraction and membrane processes, powerful tools emerge, allowing highly selective separations to be designed. The logical extension of these combinations is to apply genetic engineering techniques to influence the separations at a more fundamental and structural level by modifying the target protein at source, during its synthesis, to facilitate its separation in a given, selective manner, leading to the distinct possibility of producing 'designer' separation programmes.

Keywords

biochemistry biotechnology chemistry chromatography protein proteins separation process

Editors and affiliations

  • G. Street
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Science & TechnologyUniversity of TeessideMiddlesbroughUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1322-9
  • Copyright Information Chapman & Hall 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-4576-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-1322-9
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Biotechnology
Pharma