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Physics and Chemistry of the Fullerenes

  • Kosmas Prassides

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 443)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. E. E. B. Campbell, R. Tellgmann, C. Rüchardt, M. Gerst, J. Ebenhoch, H.-D. Beckhaus
    Pages 27-40
  3. P. W. Fowler, S. J. Austin, D. E. Manolopoulos
    Pages 41-62
  4. P. R. Birkett, J. D. Crane, P. B. Hitchcock, H. W. Kroto, M. F. Meidine, R. Taylor et al.
    Pages 63-78
  5. J. R. Morton, K. F. Preston
    Pages 141-168
  6. Kosmas Prassides
    Pages 203-222
  7. J. E. Fischer
    Pages 223-244
  8. O. Gunnarsson, V. P. Antropov, J. Fink, M. S. Golden, M. Knupfer, A. I. Liechtenstein et al.
    Pages 263-285
  9. H. Kuzmany, M. Matus, T. Pichler, J. Winter
    Pages 287-309
  10. Jeffrey S. Lannin, Michael G. Mitch
    Pages 311-332
  11. D. R. M. Walton
    Pages 333-334
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 341-343

About this book

Introduction

In September 1985, in an attempt to simulate the chemistry in a carbon star, Harry Kroto, Bob Curl and Richard Smalley set up a mass spectrometry experiment to study the plasma produced by focusing a pulsed laser on solid graphite. Serendipitously, a dominant 720 amu mass peak corresponding to a C60 species was revealed in the time-of-flight mass spectrum of the resulting carbon clusters. It was proposed that this C60 cluster had the closed cage structure of a truncated icosahedron (a soccerball) and was named Buckminsterfullerene because geodesic dome concepts, pioneered by the architect Buckminster Fuller, played an important part in arriving at this solution. The signal for a C70 species (840 amu) , proposed to have the ellipsoidal shape of a rugbyball, was also prominent in the early experiments. Five years later, the seminal work of the Sussex! Rice collaboration was triumphantly confirmed as Wolfgang Krlitschmer and Donald Huffman succeeded in producing, and separating, bulk crystalline samples of fullerene material from arc-processed (in an inert gas atmosphere) carbon deposits. From then onwards, fullerene research continued, and still proceeds, at an exhilarating pace. The materials excited the imagination of many diverse classes of scientists, resulting in a truly interdisciplinary field. Many of our old, seemingly well-founded, preconceptions in carbon science had to be radically altered or totally abandoned, as a new round world of chemistry, physics and materials science began to unfold.

Keywords

Metall carbon nanotubes crystal fullerenes materials science spectroscopy

Editors and affiliations

  • Kosmas Prassides
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Molecular SciencesUniversity of SussexFalmer, BrightonUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0984-0
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-4426-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-0984-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-2185
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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