Revolutionary Changes in Understanding Man and Society

Scopes and Limits

  • Johann Götschl

Part of the Theory and Decision Library book series (TDLA, volume 21)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-5
  2. Introduction

    1. Johann Götschl
      Pages 7-22
  3. Characteristic Features in Economic Science

  4. Discovery, Creativity, Cognition and Computation: Basic Structures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 53-53
    2. Herbert A. Simon
      Pages 55-73
    3. Margaret Boden
      Pages 75-82
    4. John R. Searle
      Pages 93-105
  5. Towards a Science of Man and Society: Philosophical and Methodological Foundations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 107-107
    2. Oswald Schwemmer
      Pages 129-146
  6. Rationality, Complexity and Uncertainty: New Interrelations

  7. Aesthetical and Ethical Patterns

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 253-253

About this book

Introduction

JOHANN GOTSCHL Over the last decades, social philosophers, economists. sociologists, utility and game theorists, biologists, mathematicians, moral philosophers and philosophers have created totally new concepts and methods of understanding the function and role of humans in their modern societies. The years between 1953 and 1990 brought drastic changes in the scientific foundations and dynamic of today's society. A burst of entirely new, revolutionary ideas, similar to those which heralded the beginning of the twentieth century in physics, dominates the picture. This book also discusses the ongoing refutation of old concepts in the social sciences. Some of them are: the traditional concepts ofrationality, for example, based on maximization of interests, the linearity of axiomatic methods, methodological individualism, and the concept of a static society. Today the revolutionary change from a static view of our society to an evolutionary one reverberates through all social sciences and will dominate the twenty-first century. In an uncertain and risky world where cooperation and teamwork is getting more and more important, one cannot any longer call the maximization of one's own expectations of utility or interests "rational" .

Keywords

Law of large numbers Rational Choice cognition cognitive science complexity ethics evolution innovation philosophy simulation uncertainty

Editors and affiliations

  • Johann Götschl
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GrazAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0369-5
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-4165-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-0369-5
  • About this book