Naturally-Produced Organohalogens

  • Anders Grimvall
  • Ed W. B. de Leer

Part of the Environment & Chemistry book series (ENVC, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. General introduction and overview articles

  3. Characterization of organohalogens of natural origin

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 65-65
    2. Willem M. G. M. van Loon, Jaap J. Boon, Bob de Groot, Albert-Jan Bulterman
      Pages 83-94
    3. C. Johansson, H. Borén, A. Grimvall, O. Dahlman, R. Mörck, A. Reimann et al.
      Pages 95-103
    4. Krzysztof Laniewski, Hans Borén, Anders Grimvall, Susanne Jonsson, Lena von Sydow
      Pages 113-129
    5. Pentti K. G. Manninen, Marjo Lauren
      Pages 131-137
  4. Natural production of organohalogens normally considered to be of anthropogenic origin

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 139-139
    2. R. E. Alcock, W. A. Lead, A. E. Johnston, K. C. Jones
      Pages 141-147
    3. Eddo J. Hoekstra, Pia Lassen, Judith G. E. van Leeuwen, Ed W. B. de Leer, Lars Carlsen
      Pages 149-158
  5. Mechanisms for the incorporation of halogens into organic substances

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Jean-Marc Bollag, Jerzy Dec
      Pages 161-169
    3. M. D. R. Pizzigallo, P. Ruggiero, C. Crecchio, R. Mininni
      Pages 171-181

About this book

Introduction

Should the production and use of chlorine and all chlorinated organic compounds be halted, in view of their adverse effects on the environment and human health?
Those in favour argue that certain chlorinated compounds (PCBs, DDT, CFCs, etc.) have large negative environmental effects. The use of chlorine in disinfectants leads to the production of chloroform, while bulk products (PVC) contribute to the production of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans when they are burned.
Those against argue that chlorine and many chlorinated compounds are essential in the control of human health (the prevention of disease transmitted through drinking water that has not been disinfected), and that chlorinated compounds are indispensable intermediates in many production processes, representing a vast economic value.
But such discussions often ignore the fact that Nature contributes significantly to the production of chlorinated organic compounds. More than 1000 such compounds are known, and their contribution to the biogeochemical cycling of chlorine is underestimated. Chlorine is organically bound in large quantities to humic materials, and natural production mechanisms are known for low molecular weight compounds (methyl chloride, chloroform, chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans). The role of these compounds in the environment is largely unknown.
Naturally-Produced Organohalogens gives a complete overview of the present state of knowledge on the subject, giving a much needed balance to the argument sketched out above.

Keywords

Atom Lipid Phenol aerosol aromatic atmosphere environment environmental protection health isolation natural product soil structure synthesis toxicology

Editors and affiliations

  • Anders Grimvall
    • 1
  • Ed W. B. de Leer
    • 2
  1. 1.Linköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  2. 2.TNO Institute of Environmental SciencesDelftThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0061-8
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-4032-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-0061-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1383-8598
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Pharma
Chemical Manufacturing
Biotechnology
Consumer Packaged Goods
Aerospace