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Ontology and the Logistic Analysis of Language

An Enquiry into the Contemporary Views on Universals

  • Authors
  • Guido Küng

Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 13)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Introduction

    1. Guido Küng
      Pages 1-20
  3. The Logistic Analysis of Language and the Relation of Representation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Guido Küng
      Pages 23-29
    3. Guido Küng
      Pages 51-59
  4. The Relation of Representation of Predicate Signs and Contemporary Views on Universals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 61-65
    2. Guido Küng
      Pages 66-79
    3. Guido Küng
      Pages 80-85
    4. Guido Küng
      Pages 86-101
    5. Guido Küng
      Pages 102-126
    6. Guido Küng
      Pages 127-160
    7. Guido Küng
      Pages 161-179
    8. Guido Küng
      Pages 180-187
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 188-211

About this book

Introduction

It is the aim of the present study to introduce the reader to the ways of thinking of those contemporary philosophers who apply the tools of symbolic logic to classical philosophical problems. Unlike the "conti­ nental" reader for whom this work was originally written, the English­ speaking reader will be more familiar with most of the philosophers dis­ cussed in this book, and he will in general not be tempted to dismiss them indiscriminately as "positivists" and "nominalists". But the English version of this study may help to redress the balance in another respect. In view of the present emphasis on ordinary language and the wide­ spread tendency to leave the mathematical logicians alone with their technicalities, it seems not without merit to revive the interest in formal ontology and the construction of formal systems. A closer look at the historical account which will be given here, may convince the reader that there are several points in the historical develop­ ment whose consequences have not yet been fully assessed: I mention, e. g. , the shift from the traditional three-level semantics of sense and deno­ tation to the contemporary two-level semantics of representation; the relation of extensional structure and intensional content in the extensional systems of Wittgenstein and Carnap; the confusing changes in labelling the different kinds of analytic and apriori true sentences; etc. Among the philosophically interesting tools of symbolic logic Lesniewski's calculus of names deserves special attention.

Keywords

Ludwig Wittgenstein Plato Rudolf Carnap discourse evolution experience grammar individual ontology philosophy platonism present semantic tradition truth

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-3514-9
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1967
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-3516-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-3514-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site