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Design and Control of Structure of Advanced Carbon Materials for Enhanced Performance

  • B. Rand
  • S. P. Appleyard
  • M. F. Yardim

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NSSE, volume 374)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Structure And Properties

  3. Processing

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. M. F. Yardim, E. Ekinci, K. D. Bartle
      Pages 125-134
    3. S. P. Appleyard, B. Rand
      Pages 183-206
    4. M. Endo, V. A. Kim, K. Nishimura, T. Hayashi, T. Matushita
      Pages 207-216
  4. Properties, Applications and New Directions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 227-227
    2. E. Yasuda, T. Akatsu, Y. Ishiguro, L. Manocha, Y. Tanabe
      Pages 229-239
    3. B. Rand, R. Wolf
      Pages 241-254
    4. Chan Kim, Morinobu Endo
      Pages 255-275
    5. B. McEnaney, E. Alain, Y-F. Yin, T. J. Mays
      Pages 295-318
    6. B. Rand, A. V. K. Westwood, S. Lu
      Pages 319-337
    7. E. Yasuda, Y. Tanabe
      Pages 339-343
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 345-347

About this book

Introduction

Carbon is unique in the range of structures and properties that are displayed by its material forms. The bonds in diamond, within the plane ofgraphite and in the fullerene molecules, C , are the strongest covalent bonds possible. This strong covalent bonding 60 leads to some exceptional intrinsic properties, examples ofwhich are: the greatest Young's modulus (in diamond, within the graphite plane and in single­ walled nanotubes) the highest room temperature thermal conductivity (in diamond and within the graphite plane) high hole mobility in doped diamond exceptional thermal stability ofthe structure in graphite It is because of the extreme thermal stability that such a wide range of materials is available. Atomic mobilities are low at all but the highest temperatures. Sintering, melting and casting ofcarbon are not feasible processing operations and carbon/graphite components are exclusively produced from the pyrolytic decomposition of organic precursors. The vast majority of engineering carbons have Sp2 type bonding and are related in some way to the structure of graphite. In the c-direction the bonding in graphite is of van der Waals character with the result that graphite is highly anisotropic in its properties and is probably unique in showing both the highest and lowest bond strengths in different directions in the same crystal.

Keywords

alloy carbon carbon nanotube ceramic ceramics crystal modeling

Editors and affiliations

  • B. Rand
    • 1
  • S. P. Appleyard
    • 1
  • M. F. Yardim
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials, School of Process, Environmental and Materials EngineeringUniversity of LeedsUK
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering DepartmentIstanbul Technical UniversityMaslak, IstanbulTurkey

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-1013-9
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-0003-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-1013-9
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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