Improved Understanding of Past Climatic Variability from Early Daily European Instrumental Sources

  • Dario Camuffo
  • Phil Jones

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Improved Understanding of Past Climatic Variability from Early Daily European Instrumental Sources

  3. History and Correction of Long Temperature Series

  4. Typical Problems with Early Thermometers and Measuring Times

  5. Trends in Extreme Temperatures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 353-353
    2. Z. Yan, P. D. Jones, T. D. Davies, A. Moberg, H. Bergström, D. Camuffo et al.
      Pages 355-392

About this book

Introduction

Climate can be defined as an ensemble of many weather phenomena. Clima­ tologists often use the mean (conventionally the monthly and annual mean) of weather-related parameters to describe climate. The mean value, however, is not all the climate. Climatic changes might occur if certain aspects of the distribution of extreme values change, while the mean does not. Katz and Brown (1992), for example, show from a theoretical viewpoint that in a changing climate, extreme values are determined more by changes in variability than changes in the mean. Possible changes in extreme event frequency receive considerable attention along with the global warming, because extremes directly impact human society and the economy. For most societally sensitive extremes and related changes in their vari­ ability, an analysis based on daily data becomes necessary. This paper considers two aspects (relative and absolute values) of extreme temperatures on a daily basis. We do not consider spells of extreme days, periods which will likely have greater socio-economic and health impacts (Kalkstein et al., 1996; Wagner, 1999), than individual extreme days.

Keywords

climate climate change climate variability environment temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • Dario Camuffo
    • 1
  • Phil Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and ClimateNational Research CouncilPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Climatic Research UnitUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0371-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-3908-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-0371-1
  • About this book
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