Sociobiology and Epistemology

  • James H. Fetzer

Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 180)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Prologue

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Charles J. Lumsden, Ann C. Gushurst
      Pages 3-28
  3. Sociobiological Conceptions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-29
    2. Joseph F. Hanna
      Pages 31-55
    3. David Smillie
      Pages 75-95
    4. Laurence Thomas
      Pages 115-129
  4. Epistemological Reflections

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. Robert C. Richardson
      Pages 133-160
    3. Alexander Rosenberg
      Pages 161-179
    4. James H. Fetzer
      Pages 217-246
  5. Epilogue

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 247-247
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 267-281

About this book

Introduction

The papers presented in this special collection focus upon conceptual, the­ oretical and epistemological aspects of sociobiology, an emerging discipline that deals with the extent to which genetic factors influence or control patterns of behavior as well as the extent to which patterns of behavior, in turn, influence or control genetic evolution. The Prologue advances a compre­ hensive acco/unt of the field of gene-culture co-evolution, where Lumsden and Gushurst differentiate between "classical" sociobiology (represented especially by Wilson's early work) and current research on human socio­ biology (represented by Lumsden and Wilson's later work), which emphasizes interplay between genes, minds, and culture. The specter of genetic deter­ minism, no doubt, has created considerable controversy, some of which may be laid to rest by Hanna's analysis of the (ambiguous) notion of a "genetic program", which indicates the necessity for distinguishing between descriptive and prescriptive dimensions of this complex concept. Brandon offers a framework for assessing the respective contributions of nature and of nurture by advancing a means for measuring genetic and cultural influences upon "inheritance", which supports the conclusion that evolving patterns of behavior do not always maximize inclusive fitness, contrary to what socio­ biologists have claimed. The influence of culture upon genetic evolution, of course, can be adequately appraised only when a suitable account of culture itself has been found, a desideratum Smillie attempts to satisfy by utilizing the notion of "cinfo" as culturally transmitted ecological informa­ tion, a resource other species tend not to exploit.

Keywords

behavior epistemology evolution knowledge sociobiology

Editors and affiliations

  • James H. Fetzer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VirginiaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-5370-3
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-277-2006-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-5370-3
  • About this book