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Contribution of Clusters Physics to Materials Science and Technology

From Isolated Clusters to Aggregated Materials

  • J. Davenas
  • P. M. Rabette

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 104)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. S. Wexler, S. J. Riley, E. K. Parks, C-R. Mao, L. G. Pobo
    Pages 85-89
  3. R. C. Baetzold
    Pages 195-214
  4. A. E. Hughes
    Pages 343-371
  5. R. Blanc
    Pages 425-478
  6. G. A. Niklasson, C. G. Granqvist
    Pages 539-600
  7. A. R. Thölén
    Pages 601-615
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 619-646

About this book

Introduction

During the last decade there has been an increasing interest in clusters and small particles because of the peculiar proper­ ties induced by their large area to volume ratio. For that reason small particles are often considered as an intermediate state of matter at the border between atomic (or molecular) chemistry, and physics of the condensed matter. The importance of the surface effect can explain the anomalous properties, for example the exis­ tence of the five fold symmetry observed in different circumstan­ ces '(beams of rare gas clusters, gold particles deposited on a substrate). However the question of the critical size at which the transition to bulk properties occurs cannot be simply answered, since the reply depends on the peculiar property which is studied. The importance of the size effect was emphasized in the last International Meetings. However the situation remains confused in most cases since the exact role of the cluster environment cannot be clearly elucidated and is a main difficulty, except in cluster beam experiments. In fact ideally free clusters constitute a labo­ ratory exception. In most applications small particles must be supported on a surface or embedded in a matrix, in order to be stabilized, which obviously shows the role of the environment.

Keywords

alloy crystal crystallography diffraction electron diffraction granular material liquid spectroscopy surface science

Editors and affiliations

  • J. Davenas
    • 1
  • P. M. Rabette
    • 2
  1. 1.Département de Physique des MatériauxUniversité Claude Bernard Lyon IVilleurbanne CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie des SolidesUniversité Pierre et Marie CurieParis Cedex 05France

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-4374-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1986
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8444-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-4374-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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