Mechanical Properties of Reinforced Thermoplastics

  • D. W. Clegg
  • A. A. Collyer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. A. A. Collyer, D. W. Clegg
    Pages 1-27
  3. H. W. Rayson, G. C. McGrath, A. A. Collyer
    Pages 29-64
  4. Carlos A. Cruz-Ramos
    Pages 65-81
  5. F. N. Cogswell
    Pages 83-118
  6. R. H. Burton, M. J. Folkes
    Pages 269-294
  7. G. C. McGrath, D. W. Clegg
    Pages 295-317
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 319-326

About this book

Introduction

The reinforcement of materials such as mud and clay by hair, straw and vegetable fibres has been long established in man's history, enabling him to improve his buildings and extend his engineering abilities. With the advent of modern synthetic polymers it was rapidly realised that the addition of fibres, flakes and particulate materials to polymer matrices could improve mechanical properties significantly. Fibres and flakes are the most effective and have enabled several polymers with limited properties to compete with long-established metallic materials, reSUlting in cost, weight and processing economies. This is increasingly apparent in the selection of materials for aerospace and road vehicle applications as well as in a multitude of domestic products. Reinforced plastics, both thermosets and thermoplastics, are used in increasingly harsh environments involving elevated temperatures and aggressive conditions. Fibre reinforcement of thermoplastics dominates, and a pattern of increasing replacement of fibre reinforced thermosets by reinforced thermoplastics is emerging. This trend is encouraged by the development of continuous fibre reinforced grades of the newer high-temperature engineering thermoplastics such as polyether ether ketone. The first part of this book reviews the mechanical properties and theories of short fibre reinforcement. The principal reinforcements are reviewed and a separate chapter is devoted to the uses of natural fibres as reinforcements for thermoplastics. This is an interesting and commercially important area, especially for Third World countries v vi Preface where these fibres are grown but are facing severe competition from synthetic fibres in traditional applications such as ropes and matting.

Keywords

Thermoplast metallic materials metals natural fiber plastics polymer polymers

Editors and affiliations

  • D. W. Clegg
    • 1
  • A. A. Collyer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Metals and Materials EngineeringSheffield City PolytechnicSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Applied PhysicsSheffield City PolytechnicSheffieldUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-4193-9
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1986
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8363-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-4193-9
  • About this book
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