Prediction of the Environmental Fate of Chemicals

  • Yusaf Samiullah

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 1-4
  3. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 5-46
  4. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 47-73
  5. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 74-106
  6. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 107-141
  7. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 142-192
  8. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 193-223
  9. Yusaf Samiullah
    Pages 224-228
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 229-285

About this book

Introduction

Concern over the effects of chemicals in the environment has been increasing for many years. Environmental contamination by DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, mercury, PCBs, organotins and many other sub­ stances are all part of the public consciousness and have led to widespread attention to this topic. Some of the concerns have arisen because human health has been affected when contaminants have been consumed via the food chain-for instance in the case of 'Minimata disease' in Japan. In other cases, direct effects on other components of ecosystems have given cause for alarm. The toxic effects which any chemical can cause are a function of exposure and innate toxicity, i.e. of the ability to reach in sufficient quantity a site where a biological process can be disrupted and of the tendency to cause disruption when it gets there. The processes by which chemicals reach sites of toxic action are the subject of this book, and are a fundamental consideration in ecotoxi­ cology. When a chemical enters the environment e.g. via a spillage or in an effluent, it is potentially subject to a wide variety of processes which may eliminate it from the environment completely, modify it into a more or less harmful substance, or transfer it to another part of the environment. The processes involved are complex and highly variable, but it is essential to increase our understanding of them.

Keywords

degradation ecosystem environment environmental fate soil sorption toxicology transport

Authors and affiliations

  • Yusaf Samiullah
    • 1
  1. 1.Mott MacDonald Environmental Consultants LtdCroydonUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2211-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-85166-450-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-2211-2
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing