Plant Genetic Conservation

The in situ approach

  • N. Maxted
  • B. V. Ford-Lloyd
  • J. G. Hawkes

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. G. T. Prance
      Pages 3-14
    3. N. Maxted, B. V. Ford-Lloyd, J. G. Hawkes
      Pages 15-39
  3. Theory and Practice of In Situ Conservation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 41-41
    2. N. Maxted, J. G. Hawkes
      Pages 43-68
    3. N. Maxted, L. Guarino
      Pages 69-87
    4. M. J. Lawrence, D. F. Marshall
      Pages 99-113
    5. M. Gillman
      Pages 114-131
    6. J. G. Hawkes, N. Maxted, D. Zohary
      Pages 132-143
    7. N. Maxted, L. Guarino, M. E. Dulloo
      Pages 144-159
    8. C. O. Qualset, A. B. Damania, A. C. A. Zanatta, S. B. Brush
      Pages 160-175
    9. B. V. Ford-Lloyd, N. Maxted
      Pages 176-191
    10. H. J. Newbury, B. V. Ford-Lloyd
      Pages 192-206
    11. P. Kanowski, D. Boshier
      Pages 207-219
    12. V. Keesing, S. D. Wratten
      Pages 220-235
  4. Case Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 237-237
    2. Y. Anikster, M. Feldman, A. Horovitz
      Pages 239-253
    3. A. Ertug Firat, A. Tan
      Pages 254-262

About this book

Introduction

The recent development of ideas on biodiversity conservation was already being considered almost three-quarters of a century ago for crop plants and the wild species related to them, by the Russian geneticist N.!. Vavilov. He was undoubtedly the first scientist to understand the impor­ tance for humankind of conserving for utilization the genetic diversity of our ancient crop plants and their wild relatives from their centres of diversity. His collections showed various traits of adaptation to environ­ mental extremes and biotypes of crop diseases and pests which were unknown to most plant breeders in the first quarter of the twentieth cen­ tury. Later, in the 1940s-1960s scientists began to realize that the pool of genetic diversity known to Vavilov and his colleagues was beginning to disappear. Through the replacement of the old, primitive and highly diverse land races by uniform modem varieties created by plant breed­ ers, the crop gene pool was being eroded. The genetic diversity of wild species was equally being threatened by human activities: over-exploita­ tion, habitat destruction or fragmentation, competition resulting from the introduction of alien species or varieties, changes and intensification of land use, environmental pollution and possible climate change.

Keywords

Adaptation biodiversity climate climate change conservation development ecology environment environmental pollution genetics insects plants pollution population ecology population genetics

Editors and affiliations

  • N. Maxted
    • 1
  • B. V. Ford-Lloyd
    • 1
  • J. G. Hawkes
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesThe University of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.School of Continuing StudiesThe University of BirminghamBirminghamUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1437-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-412-63730-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1437-7
  • About this book
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