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Materials Science for Structural Geology

  • Mervyn S. Paterson

Part of the Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy book series (SPRINGERGEOCHEM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 1-20
  3. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 21-30
  4. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 31-69
  5. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 71-90
  6. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 91-105
  7. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 107-207
  8. Mervyn S. Paterson
    Pages 209-243
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 245-247

About this book

Introduction

This book sets out the basic materials science needed for understanding the plastic deformation of rocks and minerals.  Although at atmospheric pressure or at relatively low environmental pressures, these materials tend to be brittle, that is, to fracture with little prior plastic deformation when non-hydrostatically stressed, they can undergo substantial permanent strain when stressed under environmental conditions of high confining pressure and high temperature, such as occur geologically in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle.  Thus the plastic deformation of rocks and minerals is of fundamental interest in structural geology and geodynamics.  In mountain-building processes and during convective stirring in the Earth’s mantle, rocks can undergo very large amounts of plastic flow, accompanied by substantial changes in microstructure.  These changes in microstructure remain in the rocks as evidence of the past deformation history.  There are a number of types of physical processes whereby rock and minerals can undergo deformation under geological conditions.  The physics of these processes is set out in this book.

Keywords

Crystal Defaults Deformation Mechanism Plastic Deformation Thermodynamics

Authors and affiliations

  • Mervyn S. Paterson
    • 1
  1. 1.Australian National UniversityResearch School of Earth ScienceCanberraAustralia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5545-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-5544-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-5545-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2194-3176
  • Series Online ISSN 2194-3184
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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