Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems

  • Rattan Lal
  • Bruce Augustin

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Urban Ecosystems and Climate Change

  3. Urban Forests

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 101-101
    2. Ian D. Yesilonis, Richard V. Pouyat
      Pages 103-120
    3. B. C. Scharenbroch
      Pages 121-138
  4. Turfgrass and Home Lawns

  5. Current Trends in Urban Ecosystems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 277-277

About this book

Introduction

Rapid urbanization started since early 1950s. Among numerous consequences of urbanization are change in landuse and land cover including deforestation, encroachment of prime farmland, and alterations in landscape. These consequences reduce the ecosystem carbon stocks especially in biota and soils, alter the hydrologic cycle by increasing runoff and decreasing soil water storage, change energy budget by altering albedo, and disrupt cycling of carbon and other elements. Such drastic alterations in land use and land cover and biogeochemical cycling of C and other elements affect global climate at local, regional and global scales because of drastic and irreversible changes in the structure, functions and dynamics of ecosystems. The global urban expansion rate is estimated at ~2 million ha (Mha) of additional land to accommodate annual population growth of 70 to 80 millions. Because urban areas consist of build up areas and green areas or free space, judicious management of free space is crucial to moderating the global carbon cycle. Open spaces can be sustainably managed for home lawns, sports grounds, recreational areas, forests, and urban agriculture. Green roofs are also important in influencing the albedo and the carbon and hydrologic cycles. The strategy is to increase the green space areas, enhance their net primary productivity, and increase the overall carbon budget of urban ecosystems. It is also important to link science with policy.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration in lawns and turfs Climate Change Soil Carbon Stocks Urban Agriculture Urbanization

Editors and affiliations

  • Rattan Lal
    • 1
  • Bruce Augustin
    • 2
  1. 1.OARDC, Carbon Management &Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.The Scotts Miracle-Gro CompanyMarysvilleUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2366-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-2365-8
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-2366-5
  • About this book
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