Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums

Economic and Ecological Restructuring in Khorezm, Uzbekistan

  • Christopher Martius
  • Inna Rudenko
  • John P.A. Lamers
  • P.L.G. Vlek

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Paul L. G. Vlek, John P. A. Lamers, Christopher Martius, Inna Rudenko, Ahmad Manschadi, Ruzumbay Eshchanov
      Pages 3-22
  3. The Background (Physical Setting)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 23-23
    2. Christopher Conrad, Gunther Schorcht, Bernhard Tischbein, Sanjar Davletov, Murod Sultonov, John P. A. Lamers
      Pages 25-36
    3. Akmal Akramkhanov, Ramazan Kuziev, Rolf Sommer, Christopher Martius, Oksana Forkutsa, Luiz Massucati
      Pages 37-58
    4. Gerd Ruecker, Christopher Conrad, Nazirbay Ibragimov, Kirsten Kienzler, Mirzahayot Ibrakhimov, Christopher Martius et al.
      Pages 59-68
    5. Bernhard Tischbein, Usman Khalid Awan, Iskandar Abdullaev, Ihtiyor Bobojonov, Christopher Conrad, Hujiyaz Jabborov et al.
      Pages 69-92
  4. The System Setting (Society and Institution)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 93-93
    2. Nodir Djanibekov, Ihtiyor Bobojonov, John P. A. Lamers
      Pages 95-112
    3. Gert Jan Veldwisch, Peter Mollinga, Darya Hirsch, Resul Yalcin
      Pages 127-140
    4. Susanne Herbst, Dilorom Fayzieva, Thomas Kistemann
      Pages 141-153
    5. Bahtiyor Eshchanov, Mona Grinwis, Sanaatbek Salaev
      Pages 155-167
  5. Land Management Improvement Options

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
    2. Nazirbay Ibragimov, Yulduz Djumaniyazova, Jumanazar Ruzimov, Ruzumbay Eshchanov, Clemens Scheer, Kirsten Kienzler et al.
      Pages 171-180
    3. Kirsten Kienzler, Nazirbay Ibragimov, John P. A. Lamers, Rolf Sommer, Paul L. G. Vlek
      Pages 181-193
    4. Alim Pulatov, Oybek Egamberdiev, Abdullah Karimov, Mehriddin Tursunov, Sarah Kienzler, Ken Sayre et al.
      Pages 195-217
    5. Ihtiyor Bobojonov, John P. A. Lamers, Nodir Djanibekov, Nazirbay Ibragimov, Tamara Begdullaeva, Abdu-Kadir Ergashev et al.
      Pages 219-233
    6. Asia Khamzina, John P. A. Lamers, Paul L. G. Vlek
      Pages 235-248
    7. Clemens Scheer, Alexander Tupitsa, Evgeniy Botman, John P. A. Lamers, Martin Worbes, Reiner Wassmann et al.
      Pages 249-264
  6. Land and Water Management Improvement Tools

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 265-265
    2. Rolf Sommer, Nodir Djanibekov, Marc Müller, Omonbek Salaev
      Pages 267-283
    3. Lisa Oberkircher, Anna Haubold, Christopher Martius, Tillmann K. Buttschardt
      Pages 285-307
    4. Usman Khalid Awan, Bernhard Tischbein, Pulatbay Kamalov, Christopher Martius, Mohsin Hafeez
      Pages 309-327
    5. Maksud Bekchanov, John P. A. Lamers, Aziz Karimov, Marc Müller
      Pages 329-344
  7. Economic System Management Reform Options

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 345-345
    2. Inna Rudenko, Kudrat Nurmetov, John P. A. Lamers
      Pages 371-387
    3. Nodir Djanibekov, Ihtiyor Bobojonov, Utkur Djanibekov
      Pages 389-411
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 413-419

About this book


This book summarizes results from a long-term research project addressing land and water use in irrigated areas of the Aral Sea basin. In an interdisciplinary approach, natural and human sciences are combined to elucidate challenges of economic transition that affect the use of land, water and biological resources, ecological sustainability, economic efficiency and the livelihoods of the local population. To address the linkage between human and environmental security, the project took an interdisciplinary approach to the complex environmental issues in Central Asia and the Aral Sea Basin. The challenges are reflected in the mounting land degradation caused by water over-use and soil salinization in an area dominated by cotton, wheat and rice production. This threatens food security, agricultural incomes, rural livelihoods and thus, human security.

The book focuses on Khorezm, a district of Uzbekistan, located in the heart of Central Asia. This region receives all the irrigation water it needs for agriculture from the Amudarya river, the ancient Oxus. Various contributions describe first the biophysical environment and the aspects of society and institutions that presently shape land and water use. Other chapters discuss options for adaptively improving land and water management. Based on economic studies and modeling, options are discussed of how to reform the economic management of the agricultural production system, for the benefit of humans and nature in the region. The international team of authors analyzes, in 22 chapters, how to best address, mitigate, adapt to, and achieve resilience of the agricultural landscape under the rapidly changing environmental and economic framework conditions. The book relates applicable knowledge that supports integrated, agriculture-oriented development, not only in Uzbekistan, but also in other regions of Central Asia, in all countries in transition, and in irrigated drylands in general.


Aral Sea Basin Central Asia Irrigated drylands Sustainable development Water and land management

Editors and affiliations

  • Christopher Martius
    • 1
  • Inna Rudenko
    • 2
  • John P.A. Lamers
    • 3
  • P.L.G. Vlek
    • 4
  1. 1.Inter-American Institute for Global ChanSão Jose dos CamposBrazil
  2. 2.ZEF/UNESCO Khorezm ProjectUrgench, KhorezmUzbekistan
  3. 3.ZEF/UNESCO Khorezm Project, Khorezm, UzbUrgench, KhorezmUzbekistan
  4. 4., Ecology and Natural ResourcesCenter for Development Research (ZEF)BonnGermany

Bibliographic information

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Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods