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Anoxia

Evidence for Eukaryote Survival and Paleontological Strategies

  • Alexander V. Altenbach
  • Joan M. Bernhard
  • Joseph Seckbach

Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 21)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxv
  2. General Introduction

  3. Functional Biochemistry

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 49-49
    2. Anastasios D. Tsaousis, Michelle M. Leger, Courtney A. W. Stairs, Andrew J. Roger
      Pages 51-81
  4. Managing Anoxia

  5. Foraminifera

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 247-247
    2. Karoliina A. Koho, Elisa Piña-Ochoa
      Pages 249-285
    3. Jürgen Mallon, Nicolaas Glock, Joachim Schönfeld
      Pages 305-321
    4. Jorge Cardich, María Morales, Luis Quipúzcoa, Abdelfettah Sifeddine, Dimitri Gutiérrez
      Pages 323-340
  6. Zones and Regions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 341-341
    2. Kurt R. Buck, Nancy N. Rabalais, Joan M. Bernhard, James P. Barry
      Pages 343-352
    3. Nelli G. Sergeeva, Andrew J. Gooday, Sofia A. Mazlumyan, Elena A. Kolesnikova, Anna Lichtschlag, Tetiana N. Kosheleva et al.
      Pages 369-401
    4. Gisela B. Fritz, Martin Pfannkuchen, Ulrich Struck, Steffen Hengherr, Stephan Strohmeier, Franz Brümmer
      Pages 449-461
    5. Virginia P. Edgcomb, Jennifer F. Biddle
      Pages 479-493
  7. Modern Analogs and Templates for Earth History

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 495-495
    2. Alexander Volker Altenbach, Carola Leiter, Christoph Mayr, Ulrich Struck, Martin Hiss, Antonio Radic
      Pages 515-535
    3. Nicolaas Glock, Joachim Schönfeld, Jürgen Mallon
      Pages 537-552
    4. Ahuva Almogi-Labin, Sarit Ashckenazi-Polivoda, Yael Edelman-Furstenberg, Chaim Benjamini
      Pages 553-572
    5. Alexander Volker Altenbach, Maren Gaulke
      Pages 591-614
    6. Wladyslaw Altermann, Alexander Volker Altenbach, Carola Leiter
      Pages 615-630
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 631-348

About this book

Introduction

ANOXIA defines the lack of free molecular oxygen in an environment. In the presence of organic matter, the metabolism of anaerobic prokaryotes soon produces compounds such as free radicals, hydrogen sulfide, or methane that are typically toxic to aerobes. The concomitance of suppressed respiration and the presence of toxic substances suggests that these habitats are inhospitable to eukaryotes. Ecological definitions thus sometimes term these environments 'Death Zones'. In this book, however, we present a collection of remarkable adaptations to anoxia, observed in protists, fungi, plants and animals. Presented are case studies that provide evidence for controlled beneficial use of anoxia by, for example, organic modification of free radicals, use of alternative electron donors for anaerobic metabolic pathways, and employment of anaerobic symbionts. Marine, freshwater, and terrestrial organisms and habitats are considered. Ecological, cell biological, and physiological studies are included. In addition to these biologically oriented chapters, the book also presents a paleontological perspective by discussing indirect and direct evidence of eukaryote survival in ancient times. For example, the complex and often interwoven existence of oxic and anoxic milieus in space and time is also highlighted. Finally, we revisit the idea that eukaryotic inhabitation of anoxic habitats was established early in Earth history. This book will certainly increase your concepts regarding abilities of EUKARYOTA.

Keywords

Anaerobes Anoxia Ecology and Paleontology Eukaryotes Hypoxia

Editors and affiliations

  • Alexander V. Altenbach
    • 1
  • Joan M. Bernhard
    • 2
  • Joseph Seckbach
    • 3
  1. 1., Dept. for Earth and Environmental ResearLudwig-maximilians-UniversityMunichGermany
  2. 2., Geology & Geophysics DepartmentWood Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  3. 3.JerusalemThe Hebrew University OfEfratIsrael

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1896-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-1895-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-1896-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1566-0400
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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