Environmental Change in Lesotho

An Analysis of the Causes and Consequences of Land-Use Change in the Lowland Region

  • Pendo Maro

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Pendo Maro
    Pages 1-13
  3. Pendo Maro
    Pages 67-109
  4. Pendo Maro
    Pages 111-148
  5. Pendo Maro
    Pages 179-188
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 189-192

About this book


The aim of this book is to identify and analyze the drivers of land-use change and the consequences of these changes on the livelihoods of rural land-users/managers. To accomplish this, a combination of tools from the social sciences and environmental fields were developed to identify causes and consequences of land-use change at selected levels, using a ‘nested’ approach. These methods were then applied to a case study of villages in Maseru and Mohale’s Hoek districts in the Lowland region of Lesotho.

Based on the research findings, key proximate drivers of land-use change in the Lowland villages were established. These were drought, lack of water, land mismanagement, HIV/AIDS and ‘dependency syndrome’. These were acted on by underlying and other drivers to bring about major changes in land-use. The book offers an understanding of the actions of local land-users and managers, and their responses to biophysical, social-political, environmental, HIV/AIDS and other stresses, giving an insight into a household’s decision-making behaviour, degree of vulnerability and hence their resilience and adaptive capabilities and mechanisms.

This book is directed at the wide scientific and non-scientific audience including environmental and social science experts, researchers, decision-makers, and development/aid workers interested in understanding the intricate human-environment relationship as it relates to land-use change in a changing biophysical, socio-economic, political and institutional context, coupled by HIV/AIDS, changing demographics, local perceptions and what is termed here ‘dependency syndrome’.


Dependency syndrome Land-use change Lowland region, Lesotho Perception analysis Sustainable land management

Authors and affiliations

  • Pendo Maro
    • 1
  1. 1., Department of GeographyVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium

Bibliographic information

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