Plant Breeding

Mendelian to Molecular Approaches

  • Editors
  • H K Jain
  • M C Kharkwal

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. M. C. Kharkwal, Darbeshwar Roy
    Pages 17-48
  3. D. S. Brar, H. S. Dhaliwal
    Pages 65-96
  4. Ravi P. Singh, S. Rajaram, R. G. Saini, J. Huerta-Espino, M. William
    Pages 145-166
  5. Anil Grover, Avnish Kapoor, D. Kumar, H. E. Shashidhar, S. Hittalmani
    Pages 167-193
  6. P. S. Ahuja, P. B. Kirti
    Pages 195-227
  7. M. Lakshmikumaran, T. Mohapatra, V. S. Gupta, P. K. Ranjekar
    Pages 229-255
  8. C. Kole, P. K. Gupta
    Pages 257-299
  9. Akhilesh K. Tyagi, J. P. Khurana, P. Khurana, A. Mohanty, A. K. Bharti
    Pages 301-316
  10. Swapan K. Datta, Niranjan Baisakh, Vai Ramanathan, K. K. Narayanan
    Pages 333-371
  11. V. P. Gupta, G. S. Nanda, Darbeshwar Roy
    Pages 373-389
  12. S. K. Vasal, N. N. Singh, B. S. Dhillon, S. J. Patil
    Pages 391-406
  13. S. S. Virmani, M. P. Pandey, I. S. Singh, Wei Jun Xu
    Pages 407-418
  14. B. S. Dhillon, A. K. Singh, B. P. S. Lather, G. Srinivasan
    Pages 419-450
  15. E. A. Siddiq, O. P. Govila, S. S. Banga
    Pages 451-472

About this book

Introduction

The Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding was established in 1941 in recognition of the growing contribution of improved crop varieties to the country's agriculture. Scientific plant breeding had started inIndia soon after the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute set up in 1905 and a number of Agricultural Colleges in different parts of the country carried out some of the earliest work mostly inthe form of pure-line selections. In subsequent years, hybridization programmes in crops like wheat, rice, oilseeds, grain legumes, sugarcane and cotton yielded a large number of improved cultivars with significantly higher yields. A turning point came in the 1960s with the development of hybrids in several crops including inter-specific hybrids in cotton. And when new germplasm with dwarfing genes became available in wheat and rice from CIMMYT and IRRI, respectively,Indian plant breeders quickly incorporated these genes into the genetic background of the country's widely grown varieties with excellent grain quality and other desirable traits. This was to mark the beginning of modem agriculture in India as more and more varieties were developed, characterized by a high harvest index and response to modem farm inputs like the inorganic fertilizers . India's green revolution which has led to major surpluses offood grains and othercommodities like sugar and cotton has been made possible by the work of one of the largest groups of plant breeders working in a coordinated network.

Keywords

biotechnology cloning crop improvement nitrogen wheat

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1040-5
  • Copyright Information Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-3773-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-1040-5
  • About this book
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