Heavy-Tailed Distributions in Disaster Analysis

  • V. Pisarenko
  • M. Rodkin

Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 30)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. V. Pisarenko, M. Rodkin
    Pages 39-53
  3. V. Pisarenko, M. Rodkin
    Pages 115-157
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 173-190

About this book

Introduction

Mathematically, natural disasters of all types are characterized by heavy tailed distributions. The analysis of such distributions with common methods, such as averages and dispersions, can therefore lead to erroneous conclusions. The statistical methods described in this book avoid such pitfalls. Seismic disasters are studied, primarily thanks to the availability of an ample statistical database. New approaches are presented to seismic risk estimation and forecasting the damage caused by earthquakes, ranging from typical, moderate events to very rare, extreme disasters. Analysis of these latter events is based on the limit theorems of probability and the duality of the generalized Pareto distribution and generalized extreme value distribution. It is shown that the parameter most widely used to estimate seismic risk – Mmax, the maximum possible earthquake value – is potentially non-robust. Robust analogues of this parameter are suggested and calculated for some seismic catalogues. Trends in the costs inferred by damage from natural disasters as related to changing social and economic situations are examined for different regions. The results obtained argue for sustainable development, whereas entirely different, incorrect conclusions can be drawn if the specific properties of the heavy-tailed distribution and change in completeness of data on natural hazards are neglected. Audience: This pioneering work is directed at risk assessment specialists in general, seismologists, administrators and all those interested in natural disasters and their impact on society.

Keywords

Analysis Earthquake Earthquakes Hazards Mmax-values Natural disaster Natural hazards and society Rare strong events statistics Seismic risk assessment

Authors and affiliations

  • V. Pisarenko
    • 1
  • M. Rodkin
    • 2
  1. 1.MoscowRussian Federation
  2. 2.MoscowRussian Federation

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9171-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-9170-3
  • Online ISBN 978-90-481-9171-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1878-9897
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-6959
  • About this book
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